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Bubblegate Master Timeline

 

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The main purpose of this index is to provide a comprehensive archive of all documents related to Bubblegate. This index includes some minor overlap with the Bubblegate News and Press Releases Index because there are key news items and press releases that have played such a significant role in the events that they are included here as well. This index also serves as a chronology, so events with no related documents are also listed.

 
2009
Dec, 17, 2008 - New Energy Times/Krivit: 2008 Bubblegate Update
Dec. 14, 2008 - New York Times/Ann FinkBeiner: No Light at the End of the Test Tube
Key Quote: "...recounted vividly by Seife, who originally covered it for Science magazine, which published the controversial paper — couldn’t be repeated either and likewise ended in disgrace."
Dec. 2008 - Judge Johnson: Announces plans to step down from bench. Hired to work for Purdue Administration (Also on Purdue Advisory Board)
Dec. 12, 2008 - APS-PRL/Kulp: Editorial Note Regarding Purdue Sanctions - (See also Sept. 24, 2008. Sept. 25, 2008, Bubblegate Investigation Timeline) See also: Record of Communications with Kulp
Dec. 13, 2008 - New Energy Times/Krivit: Bubblegate Delivery of Sanctions
Key quote from Bralts "Sorry, I lied to you; it's not about your accounts. Please open this package."
Dec. 7, 2008 - Third ONR STIB meeting (Ref. Jan. 16, 2009 Jones)
Dec. 3, 2008 - New Energy Times/Krivit: Request for Comment to UCLA (Putterman and Naranjo) (Neither responded)
Dec. 3, 2008 - New Energy Times/Krivit: Request for Comment to Bralts (Bralts did not respond)
Dec. 3, 2008 - Dunn to Adams: Defends that NSF grant does not violate sanctions
Nov. 27, 2008 - Wallheimer: Announces plan to leave Journal & Courier. Hired by Purdue for media relations.
Nov. 17, 2008 - Putterman: Screen capture of Web site (Custom-Built Neutron Detector)
Nov. 14, 2008 - West-Lahey to Krivit: Follow-up questions regarding 2002 Suslick paper (See Nov. 26, 2002- West)
Nov. 2008 - Adams-ONR Internal: Update on Research Misconduct Case: Purdue OIG review (Slide presentation)
Nov. 8, 2008 - Physics Today/Barbara Goss Levi: Bubble Fusion Scientist Disciplined (See also Oct. 7, 2008, Feb. 20, 2009)
Nov. 7, 2008 - Taleyarkhan Group: Affirms claim of independence
Nov. 5, 2008 - Journal and Courier/Wallheimer: 'Bubble fusion' prof will sue Purdue
Nov. 5, 2008 - McDeavitt to Krivit: Confirms Grievance and Resignation from Purdue
Nov. 5, 2008 - Adams to Dunn: Concerns that the NSF grant violates sanctions
Nov. 1, 2008 - Journal and Courier/Wallheimer: 'Education is key' as Purdue steps up ethics efforts
Oct. 31, 2008 - Purdue News Service: Rollock named vice president for ethics and compliance
Oct. 30, 2008 - Seife Book Excerpts: Will Happer, Richard Garwin and Don Kennedy regarding 2002 Science paper
Oct. 30, 2008 - Economist: Economics Focus - A Biased Market (Regarding biased media reporting)
Oct. 24, 2008 - Buckius-Dunn: Response to Taleyarkhan Oct. 20 letter
Oct. 24, 2008 - Buckius-Dunn: Response to Taleyarkhan Oct. 20 Letter (E-mail)
Oct. 20, 2008 - New Energy Times/Krivit: Video - Bubblegate: How Purdue Fabricated the Allegations
Oct. 20, 2008 - New Energy Times/Krivit: Purdue University Changes Rules for Misconduct Investigations (Research Integriy home page) (New Policy VIII.3)
Oct. 15, 2008 - Purdue Exponent/Conn: Editor Questions Allegations Against Purdue Professor
Oct. 14, 2008 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit and Lewis: Reaction to Dunn and UCLA initiatiation of investigation
Oct. 14, 2008 - Dunn to Taleyarkhan: Initiates UCLA-prompted investigation into Taleyarkhan's research (E-mail)
Oct. 14, 2008 - Dunn to Taleyarkhan: Initiates UCLA-prompted investigation into Taleyarkhan's research
Oct. 14, 2008 - Dunn to Krivit: Declines request for Inquiry Committee report
Oct. 14, 2008 - New Energy Times/Krivit: Article -Purdue Research Integrity Committee Fabricates Allegations (pdf)
Oct. 13, 2008 - New Energy Times/Krivit: Request for Comment to Hermodson and Córdova
Oct. 9, 2008 - Taleyarkhan: Civil Complaint Filed in Tippecanoe Superior Court
Oct. 7, 2008 - Taleyarkhan Group: Record of Communications with Physics Today / Barbara Gross Levi - (See also Nov. 8, 2008)
Oct. 1, 2008 - Date on which Purdue University states their new policy on research misconduct was published and became active.
Sept. 25, 2008 - APS-PRL/Kulp: Draft 1 of Editorial Note (Draft 2) (Draft 3) (See Also Dec. 12, 2008)
Sept. 24, 2008 - APS-PRL/Kulp: Initiates process of writing Editorial Note regarding Purdue sanctions
Sept. 24, 2008 - APS-Physics Today/Barbara Gross Levi: Initiates Article regarding Purdue sanctions - (See also Oct. 7, 2008 and Nov. 8, 2008)
Sept. 22, 2008 - Adams Visits Purdue: Conducts interviews of Dunn and two others.
Sept. 21, 2008 - Adams to Leme and Wood: Investigating NSF grant to Purdue
Sept. 22, 2008 - Nature/Reich: FOIA request into non-bubble fusion research by Taleyarkhan
Sept. 19, 2008 - Kroll to Adams: Defends NSF grant to Purdue
Sept. 18, 2008 - Adams contacts Kroll: (Implied)
Sept. 18, 2008 - Putterman to Adams: Complains about Purdue NSF award
Sept. 19, 2008 - Tsoukalas to Adams: Alleges collusion by Jamieson against him. Alleges that he and Bertodano are victims. Implies that Bertodano secretly tape recorded meeting with Jamieson.
Sept. 14, 2008 - Zimmerman to Krivit: Retreats from his accusations of fraud.
Key Quote: "You have given me much to chew on and a need to check physics journal articles by teams that do not include Taleyarkhan or any of his collaborators. This will take a few days..."
(See also Sept. 10, 2008, Sept. 14, 2008, July 28, 2008, Bubblegate Investigation Timeline)
Sept. 14, 2008 - Taleyarkhan: Table of Alleged Threats and Malpractice From Purdue
Sept. 12, 2008 - Krivit to Butt: Phone call, Butt declines to comment.
Sept. 12, 2008 - West to Adams: Letter of support for Taleyarkhan
Sept. 12, 2008 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Explains Purdue's attempts to coerce him, avoid appeal, and quicly satisfy federal government.
Sept. 10, 2008 - Krivit to Zimmerman: Questions begin. See also Sept. 14, 2008, July 28, 2008, Bubblegate Investigation Timeline)
Sept. 8, 2008 - Adams to Wood: Says Purdue's sanctions were too light but she is not going to interfere, but she is starting to get information that might relate to sanctions. (See also Sept. 1, 2008 - Tsoukalas and Aug. 27, 2008 - Adams)
Sept. 4, 2008 - NSF: Awards Purdue/Taleyarkhan research grant (Award Number 0833639)
Sept. 4, 2008 - Purdue Police interview Iishi
Sept. 4, 2008 - Solomon: Letter of support for Taleyarkhan
Sept. 4, 2008 - Tsoukalas to Adams: Grateful that Adams will come to Purdue
Sept. 4, 2008 - Kelly Farrell of NCIS: Calls Adams regarding Tsoukalas (Called again on Sept. 11, 2008)
Sept. 3, 2008 - New Energy Times/Krivit: Bubblegate: Send Lawyers, Affidavits and Money
Sept. 2, 2008 - Lahey to Adams: Letter of support for Taleyarkhan
Sept. 2, 2008 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Compares Butt document to Butt testimony
Sept. 1, 2008 - Tsoukalas to Adams: Requests her to visit Purdue SNE. States faculty of SNE thought the sanctions were too light.
Sept. 1, 2008 - Bennett to Krivit: States that Mize document is not an affidavit
Sept. 1, 2008 - Nature India/Jayaraman: Bubble fusion discoverer says his science is vindicated
Aug. 2008 - Bralts to SNE: Listings of recent government grants
Aug 28 - 2008 - Mize discusses Ishii's threatening behavior with Downar
Aug 28 - 2008 - Darla Mize threatened by Purdue professor Mamoru Iishi with intent to intimidate. (Police report) (See also Sept. 4, 2008)
Aug. 28 - Sept. 1, 2008 - Vortex Message Thread: Mize Affidavit and SNE Racism - (See also Bubblegate Affidavits)
Aug. 28, 2008 - Taleyarkhan to Reich: Repsonse to request for comment on denial of appeal.
Aug. 28, 2008 - Purdue Exponent/Staff: Committee Denies Prof's Appeal
Aug. 28, 2008 - Journal and Courier/Wallheimer: Purdue Punishes Professor
Aug. 27, 2008 - Adams to STIB: "Sanctions are appropriate."
Aug. 27, 2008 - Purdue News Service: Purdue Sanctions Professor for Research Misconduct
Aug. 27, 2008 - Woodson to Taleyarkhan: Sanctions for Research Misconduct
Aug. 27, 2008 - Dunn to Adams: Notifies ONR of sanctions, corrective action.
Aug. 26, 2008 - New Energy Times/Krivit: Bubble Fusion Researchers Publish Again (NED)
Aug. 21, 2008 - Appeal Committee to Provost: Denial of C-22 SRM appeal from Taleyarkhan - (Appeal Committee Response to Fabrication Allegations) (See also March 29, 2008)
Aug. 26, 2008 - Lewis Press Release: Bubble Fusion Studies Vetted and Cleared by NED
Aug. 5, 2008 - Taleyarkhan, R.P., Lapinskas, J., Xu, Y., Cho, J.S., Block, R.C., Lahey Jr., R.T. and Nigmatulin, R.I., "Modeling, analysis and prediction of neutron emission spectra from acoustic cavitation bubble fusion experiments," Nuclear Engineering and Design, Volume 238, Vol. 10, Pages 2779-279
July 30, 2008 - Journal and Courier/Wallheimer: Purdue researcher lays out misconduct defense
July 28, 2008 - Taleyarkhan to Appeal Committee: Rebuttal Report - Exhibit 1, Comments on Xu-Butt 2005 Press Release
July 28, 2008 - Taleyarkhan to Appeal Committee: Rebuttal Report - Exhibit 1, Excerpt - Ice-Packs and UCLA Accusation
July 28, 2008 - Taleyarkhan to Appeal Committee: Rebuttal Report - Summary
July 28, 2008 - Taleyarkhan to Appeal Committee: Rebuttal Report - Exhibit 1 (See also March 29, 2008)
July 28, 2008 - Zimmerman to Hydrino List: Character Attacks on Taleyarkhan
Key Quote: "Much worse, Taleyarkhan advised Physical Review Letters that an earlier paper in Science had been 'independently concerned.' One may quibble as to whether Taleyarkhan had fraud in mind, but the effect was to deceive the editors of Physical Review Letters."
July 28, 2008 - New Energy Times/Krivit: Welcome to Bubblegate
Jul 27, 2008 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Regarding fabricated allegations.
Key Quote: "It is ironic that the ones charged with deciding on fabrication themselves fabricated and falsified!!!"
July 25, 2008 - Science/Service: SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT: New Purdue Panel Faults Bubble Fusion Pioneer
Key quote: "Kenneth Suslick, a chemist at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, and a longtime critic of bubble fusion, calls the report 'some kind of vindication.' Suslick says he was disappointed the report didn't more squarely address questions of possible scientific fraud..."
July 23, 2008 - Exponent/Hoffman: Professor found guilty will appeal decision
July 21, 2008 - Taleyarkhan to Leitz and Krivit: Response to Purdue C-22 SRM Investigation Committee final report.
July 21, 2008 - Taleyarkhan to Service: Reply to request for comment (See July 25 - Science/Service)
July 21, 2008 - Scientific American/Minkel: Bubble Fusion Researcher Charged with Misconduct
July 21, 2008 - Putterman to Adams: Requests Purdue Inquiry Report
July 19, 2008 - Los Angeles Times/Maugh: Purdue Physicist Found Guilty of Misconduct
July 18, 2008 - Suslick to Adams: Complains about Purdue investigation.
July 18, 2008 - Science/Service: The Bubble Bursts
July 18, 2008 - Miller press release: Pleased with Purdue's investigation.
July 18, 2008 - Purdue News Service: Purdue Committee Completes Research Misconduct Investigation.
- Publicly releases April 18, 2008 C-22 Report
- Issues a press release stating that Taleyarkhan was found guilty on two charges of research misconduct.
- States that 30-day appeal process begins
Related Quotes:
- May 14, 2007- Bennett: "He retains the right to authorize full disclosure of the [2006] inquiry committee’s report. It is not within Purdue’s authority to release the full report as you propose."
- March 9, 2007 - Mason: "...
our own policies and federal guidelines on the investigation of cases related to integrity require a high degree of confidentiality..."
- March 9, 2007 - Mason: "Although this stance has led to negative coverage for the University, we have been — and remain — committed to paying that price if necessary in order to remain true to our policies and our ideals."
July 18, 2008 - Adams to Taleyarkhan: ONR accepts Purdue's C-22 SRM report.
July 18, 2008 - Adams to Tsoukalas: ONR accepts Purdue's C-22 SRM report.
July 17, 2008 - ONR/Adams: Notifies Purdue/Dunn that ONR accepts Purdue's C-22 SRM report - ONR/Adams issues concurrence with Purdue. (30-day appeal period begins)
July 17, 2008 - ONR/Jones: Concurs with Adams and STIB.
July 16, 2008 - Second ONR STIB meeting. Completes its review of Purdue's investigation.
July 16, 2008 - Wood to STIB: Advises STIB to add text to memo to ONR Exec. Dir. so ONR's actions appear to conform to its policy.
July 15, 2008 - Wood to STIB: Asks crucial question about possible lack of jurisdiction by ONR.
June 20, 2006 - Putterman to Adams: Submits package of information
June 16, 2008 - Putterman to Adams: Submits financial statements
June 12, 2008 - First ONR STIB meeting
May 30, 2008 - Wood to Tsoukalas: Declines Tsoukalas request for legal support
May 15, 2008 - Joan Miller to STIB: Concerns of UCLA's potential responsibility for "this fiasco."
April 25, 2008 - Jones to Adams: Concerns stemming from lawsuit and response from Adams
April 23, 2008 - Purdue Exponent/Mahasneh: Professor Files Defamation Lawsuit
May 2, 2008 - Adams convenes STIB: Purpose is to review the case of Taleyarkhan and ONR bubble fusion award NOOOI4-05-1-0459 to UCLA. "The single purpose of the first phase of this project was to attempt to duplicate the [ORNL experiment.]" The two allegedly substantiated allegations by Purdue had nothing to do with the ONR award. Adams also states to the STIB that she investigated and substantiated Tsoukalas' complaints. She later stated that she did not do her own investigation.
+ April 18, 2008 (sometime after) - Adams' wonders if Xu Lied: Her handwritten note on the C-22 SRM report next to FF2 where Xu stated he did the work by himself: "Lies?"
April 18, 2008 - Purdue's Reference list to C-22 SRM Investigation Committee Final Report (Extracted from report)
April 18, 2008 - Purdue Completes C-22 SRM Investigation Committee Final Report: Purdue's alleged instances of SRM against Taleyarkhan.
April 17, 2008 - Journal and Courier/Wallheimer: Defamation Lawsuit Filed by Purdue Researcher
April 7, 2008 - Selander to Kealey: Responds to March 17, 2008 C-22 SRM Investigation Committee draft report
March 30, 2008 - Block to Taleyarkhan: Confirmation of group decision to claim independence of replication
March 30, 2008 - West to Taleyarkhan: Confirmation of group decision to claim independence of replication
March 30, 2008 - Lahey to Taleyarkhan: Confirmation of group decision to claim independence of replication
March 29, 2008 - Teleyarkhan to Jamieson and Bennett: Preliminary response and objections to draft C-22 SRM report.
March 19, 2008 - Taleyarkhan to Selander: Excerpts from his response to Purdue's draft 2008 C-22 SRM Report.
March 17, 2008 - Purdue gives Taleyarkhan draft 2008 C-22 SRM report.
(See also Sept. 12, 2008 - Taleyarkhan)
March 7, 2008 - Taleyarkhan to Tippecanoe Cty. Court: Files civil complaint against Tsoukalas, Jevremovic, and DOES 1-50
Feb. 21, 2008 - Dunn to Adams: States that Cordova wants to know what type of sanctions ONR has encouraged in the past.
Feb. 20, 2008 - Selander to Kealey: Closing statements; additional summation
Feb. 20, 2008 - Selander to Kealey: Closing statements
Feb. 18, 2008 - Kealey to Dunn: Search of Tsoukalas's e-mails on names Putterman, Suslick, Naranjo,Walter, Reich, Chang yields printouts 8 inches thick.
Feb. 4, 2008 - Kealey to Benton and Trice: Tells senior colleagues in his law firm that affidavits from Mize, Timmerman and jenkins are all "quite credible."
Feb. 1, 2008 - Tsoukalas meets with C-22 SRM Investigation Committee (F11-156)
Feb. 1, 2008 - Tsoukalas and Bertodano to Investigation Committee: They aruge that; the Xu/Butt replication was not independent, was false, was performed with the intent to deceive and reported a miscalculated standard deviation. They argue it was not independent and not a confirmation: "because it was Taleyarkhan who chose the researchers to perform it. It is false because he knowingly chose researchers who were inexperienced in nuclear measurements, incapable of identifying all sources of error and who applied the wrong method to calculate the standard deviation and therefore claim a positive result which is simply wrong."

This is contrasted with Tsoukalas' confirmation to Venere in July 2005 that: "Xu and Butt now work in Taleyarkhan's lab, but all of the research on which the new paper is based was conducted before they joined the lab, and the research began at Purdue before Taleyarkhan had become a Purdue faculty member. The two researchers used an identical "carbon copy" of the original test chamber designed by Taleyarkhan, and they worked under the sponsorship and direction of Lefteri Tsoukalas, head of the School of Nuclear Engineering."
Feb. 1-3, 2008 - C-22 SRM Investigation Committee Hearings (Transcript not public)
Jan. 25, 2008 - Kealey Instructions to Investigation Committee
Jan. 18, 2008 - Schweitzer to Taleyarkhan: Confirms NRC Entry-Exit Logs
Jan. 17, 2008 - Tsoukalas to Cordova: "We are facing enormous difficulties at the School of Nuclear Engineering because of Dean Jamieson's harmful decisions and unwarranted interventions." (Letter also signed by Bertodano, Ishii, Choi, Jevremovic, Clikeman, Ott, Hibiki)
Jan. 4, 2008 - Cordova (Letter referenced by Jan. 17, 2008 Tsoukalas)
2008
Nov. 30, 2007 - Tsoukalas to Cordova: (Letter referenced by Jan. 17, 2008 Tsoukalas)
Nov. 1, 2007 - Lechtenberg to Investigation Committee: Formation of Investigation Committee.
Oct. 5, 2007 - Exponent/Thomas: Tension Mounts Between Faculty Members Regarding Controversy
Oct. 2007 - NASA/Wrbanek:Fralick, Wrbanek: Development of Techniques to Investigate Sonoluminescence as a Source of Energy Harvesting - TM-2007-214982
Sept. ?, 2007 - Taleyarkhan: Submits Rebuttal Response to Purdue Inquiry Committee Report
Sept. 13, 2007 - Adams to Rutledge: Accepts Inquiry Committee conclusions
Sept. 12, 2007 - Author Unknown: Letter to Jamieson referencing Draft Report with Taleyarkhan and students named as co-authors - (Source: Miller Report, pg. 8, ref. 25)
Sept. 10, 2007 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Response to 2007 New Energy Times Special Report on Bubble Fusion/Sonofusion
Sept. 10, 2007 - Purdue News Service: Panel Determines Research Allegations Merit Additional Investigation
Sept. 7, 2007 - Jamieson: Exonerates Tsoukalas and Bertodana from C-22 SRM complaint. (See June 2007 - Revankar)
Sept. 1, 2007 - Purdue Investigation Comittee: Begins Taleyarkhan C-22 SRM investigation.
Aug. 30, 2007 - Rutledge to Adams: Transmits Report of Inquiry Committee (Partial report) (Appendix F and G) (Appendix H) (Appendix I) (Appendex J-L)
Aug. 27, 2007 - Rutledge to Adams: Responds to Adam's allegations that Purdue violated its own process, relative to Suslick's allegation.
Aug.27, 2007 - Purdue Inquiry Committee: Tabulation of Allegations (Report to ONR - Appendix B) - Retyped
Aug.27, 2007 - Purdue Inquiry Committee: Tabulation of Allegations (Report to ONR - Appendix B) - Original
Aug. 27, 2007 - Taleyarkhan: Comparison of Allegations Approved to Forward to Investigation Committee
Aug. 27, 2007 - Taleyarkhan: List of Allegations Approved to Forward to Investigation Committee.
Aug. 27, 2007 - Suslick: Allegation in Aug. 27, 2007 Report
Aug. 24, 2007 - Student letters: Support for Taleyarkhan
Aug. 17, 2007 - Purdue Exponent/Thomas: Córdova reviews misconduct standards amid debate
Aug. 17, 2007 - Tsoukalas et al.to Dunn: Explain their unique interpretation of C-22 policy.
Aug. 15, 2007 - Dunn to Tsoukalas et al.: Tells Tsoukalas et al. it is illegal to bypass Purdue administrators and the Research Integrity Officer in the research integrity complaint against them.
Aug. 13, 2007 - Cooper to Dunn: Tells Dunn he will not agree to Tsoukalas et al. request to bypass Purdue administrators and the Research Integrity Officer in the research integrity complaint against them.
Aug. 7, 2007 - Jenkins to Taleyarkhan: Nill Illigitimi Carborundum
Aug. 7, 2007 - Tsoukalas et al. to Cooper: Request Cooper, chair of Inquiry Committee to not share responses with Purdue administrators, including Dunn, the Research Integrity Officer. Requests to know if there will be open meetings, if minutes will be kept, if he can appoint his own witnesses.
July 10, 2007 - New Energy Times/Krivit: 2007 Special Report on Bubble Fusion/Sonofusion
July 7, 2007 - Venere to 2007 Inquiry Committee: Sends documentation package.
~June 2007 - Revankar files C-22 SRM complaint against Tsoukalas,Clikeman, Bertodano, Jevremovic. (Source Ref.: Feb. 1, 2008 Tsoukalas, pg. 17)
June 6, 2007 - Dunn to Adams: Asks for extension to deadline; granted, for Aug. 27, 2007. (ONR Record of Investigation)
May 29, 2007 - Taleyarkhan, Lahey to Krivit: Discuss drawings provided to UCLA (See also May 21, 2007, June 2006, July 26, 2006)
May 25, 2007 - Jamieson to SNE: Response to Journal & Courier "Strife Dogs Purdue in Research Allegations"
May 25, 2007 - Lahey to Krivit: Explains the UCLA collaboration doomed to failure
May 25, 2007 - Adams to Dunn: Response to Dunn's questions about allegations
May 24, 2007 - Walker to Krivit: Response to alleged nonapproved funds used by UCLA
May 22, 2007 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Technical details of used of SSNTD
May 22, 2007 - Journal & Courier/Wallheimer: Failure to Reproduce Fuels Fraud Claims
May 22, 2007 - Journal & Courier/Wallheimer: Strife Dogs Purdue in Research Allegations
May 21, 2007 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Explains instructions civen to UCLA and details of UCLA Video - (See also Miller report, pg. 9, Ref. 28, - See also June 2006, July 26, 2006, May 29, 2007) (Search "blueprints" and "sketches")
May 20, 2007 - Bennett to Krivit: Declines RFC regarding Butt authorship discrepancy
May 16, 2007 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Response to Nature/Reich "Where Did The Money Go?"
May 14-19, 2007 - Forringer and Students: Perform replication in Taleyarkhan's lab
May 19, 2007 - Journal & Courier/Wallheimer: Letter That Cleared Embattled Researcher Surfaces
May 19, 2007 - Purdue Exponent/Warner: Bubble fusion criticism continues despite replication
May 17, 2007 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Clarifications on invention of variable velocity bullets.
May 16, 2007 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Documents regarding Congressional investigation.
May 15, 2007 - Nature/Reich: Third Inquiry Into Bubble Fusion Is Under Way
May 15, 2007 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Explains his side of the story on the Adam Butt statement.
May 15, 2007 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Transcript of personal interview by Krivit
May 15, 2007 - Dunn to Adams: Reviews list of ONR allegations and responds to Adams. Determines that only one allegation involves work done at Purdue, that it had already been investigated and dismissed. "We do not plan to pursue this allegation unless we are informed that the scope of this allegation is broadened to include research conducted at Purdue that was not included in the prior inquiry."
May 14, 2007 - Bennett to Krivit: Declines to provide 2006 report
May 12, 2007 - Lahey to Reich: Responds to her inquiry, discourages her from continuing her yellow journalism.
May 12, 2007 - Taleyarkhan to Rutledge: Transmittal of 2006 C-22 SRM Inquiry Committee documents
May 12, 2007 - "Stella" to Krivit: Letter to New Energy Times
Key Quote: "But would someone contemplating scientific fraud really choose a field where even the smallest new claim is immediately subject to widespread hostile scrutiny? ... None of it hangs together, but the strain poor Professor Taleyarkhan must be under would destroy many a less a man. One cannot help but think of Galileo when he was confronted with the instruments of torture.
May 11, 2007 - New York Times/Chang: Publicly releases "Timeline of Events" document from Adam Butt given to him by Tsoukalas. Chang calls this a "signed statement." - (See Feb. 23, 2006)
May 11, 2007 - New York Times/Chang: Purdue Will Reinvestigate Its Professor Who Claimed Desktop Fusion (Note: Congress gives exclusive to New York Times)
May 11, 2007 - Miller Press Release: Releases Report, Requests New Results
May 11, 2007 - Journal and Courier/Wallheimer: "Taleyarkhan Decries 'Smear Campaign'"
Key Quotes: "’It's a very sad and regrettable time when a scientist has to stand up against another scientist,’ Suslick said. ‘If Taleyarkhan wants to dispel all of this, he can do so very quickly. He can bring a bunch of people into his laboratory and reproduce his experiment right in front of their eyes.’ Suslick is giving Purdue documentation that he says proves Taleyarkhan was involved in research misconduct."
(See also March 1, 2006, - DARPA Review Meeting at Purdue)
(See also April 2, 2007 - Chronicle of Higher Education)
(See also Jan. 10, 2006 - Nature)
May 10, 2007 - Chang to Taleyarkhan: Request for comment. Omits to inform Taleyarkhan about Butt Statement that he publishes the next day.
May 10, 2007 - Taleyarkhan to Service: Response to request for comment.
May 10, 2007 - Purdue News Service: Purdue Initiates Another Investigation
May 9, 2007 - Miller to Jischke: Complains that Purdue's 2006 inquiry should have led to an investigation. States his understanding that a second inquiry is under way. Requests that the forthcoming "inquiry will be conducted in a manner worthy of your great institution."
May 7, 2007 - Subcommittee Staff to Miller: Completes its investigation and writes report.
May 1, 2007 - Rutledge, Mason meet with Adams, Joan Miller: Rutledge explains why Purdue declined to consider Suslick's 2006 allegation (ONR Record of Investigation)
April 30, 2007 - Rutledge to Putterman: Responds to Putterman's concerns about Purdue process and Putterman's suggestions to consult with Reich.
April 30 - June 7, 2007 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Provides information about Tsoukalas group tritium data. (See also May 14, 2004 and May x, 2004)
April 30, 2007 - Jischke to Miller: Update (ONR Record of Investigation)
April 29, 2007 - Rutledge to Putterman: The current inquiry has a larger scope than previous reviews. (ONR Record of Investigation)
April 28, 2007 - Jischke to Kealey: Reviews draft press release
April 26, 2007 - Putterman to Dunn: Because Dunn failed to respond to Putterman's questions, Putterman accuses Dunn of hindering the Purdue inquiry. Putterman also states that he, Reich, and Naranjo have key information about SRM at Purdue.
April 25, 2007 - Purdue Exponent/Editorial: Academic Squabble Hides Breakthrough
April 23, 2007 - Dunn to Putterman: Asks if he is a witness to SRM.
April 22, 2007 - Putterman to Dunn: Responds to Dunn's April 10 (11) request as witness. Putterman insinuates Taleyarkhan "generation of false data ... was reckless and constitutes research misconduct."
April 22, 2007 - Suslick to Dunn: Makes allegations of science fraud and research misconduct against Taleyarkhan.
April 20, 2007 - Tsoukalas to Dunn: Declines Dunn's April 10, 2007 request to put in writing if he is a witness to fraud.
April 18, 2007 - Tsoukalas to Holleman: Suggests to Congress that Purdue administration "may be trying to undermine an inquiry." He also told Holleman that his student, Joshua Walter, had "explicitly informed Dean Leah Jamieson that there may be fraud in bubble fusion." Tsoukalas therefore used his student to pass along innuendo to Congress.
April 17, 2007 - Revankar to Dunn: Files C-22 SRM allegation against Tsoukalas, Jevremovic, Bertodano and Choi.
April 12, 2007 - Taleyarkhan to Rutledge: Provides waiver of confidentiality for review concluded in 2007
April 12, 2007 - Taleyarkhan to Miller: Attachments to response to Miller
April 12, 2007 - Taleyarkhan to Miller: Response to Miller's investigation
April 12, 2007 - Jisckhe to Miller - (Source: Miller report, pg. 2, ref. 4)
April 12, 2007 - Adams to Dunn: Agrees about regrouping SRM allegations. States it is not appropriate for her to communicate with the news media.
April 11, 2007 - Rutledge to Adams: Concerns about dual-relationship of Reich as complainant and press. Regrouping of ONR allegations. Handoff from Rutledge to Dunn.
April 10, 2007 - Taleyarkhan to Purdue Exponent: Interview
April 10, 2007 - Dunn to Putterman: Requests written statements and evidence concerning Taleyarkhan's alleged SRM, if he has been a witness.
April 10, 2007 - Dunn to other witnesses: Requests written statements and evidence concerning Taleyarkhan's alleged SRM, if they have been witnesses. (ONR Record of Investigation)
April 10, 2007 - Dunn to Tsoukalas: Asks if Tsoukalas has been a witness to SRM to put it in writing.
April 6, 2007 - Journal and Courier/Wallheimer: Purdue Gives Research to Congress
April 6, 2007 - Putterman, Suslick to Coblenz, Schmidt and Adams: Final Report of UCLA/UIUC/Purdue/DARPA/ONR Project to Reproduce Nuclear Fusion in Collapsing Bubbles Surrounded by D-Acetone (Note that they provided this independent of, and in advance of Dunn's evidentiary request to witnesses on April 10.)
April 4, 2007 - Jischke to Miller: Welcomes opportunity to respond to Miller's request.
April 4, 2007 - Adams: Transmits supporting material to Purdue
April 3, 2007 - Adams to Tsoukalas: "I hope you understand our need to be discreet."
April 3, 2007 - Adams to Tsoukalas: Notifies the ONR complainant "that Purdue had officially acknowledged receipt of SRM allegations and had initiated an ONR-directed inquiry." (ONR Record of Investigation)
April 2, 2007 - Chronicle of Higher Education/Vance: The Bursting of Bubble Fusion
Key Quotes:
- Putterman: "If a scientist feels they've made a great discovery, it's their obligation and joy to convene other scientists from other schools to come to their lab to observe it. As soon as that doesn't happen, that scientist has to be prepared for the backlash of the scientific community."
-(See also March 1, 2006, - DARPA Review Meeting at Purdue)
-(See also May 11, 2007 - Journal and Courier)
-(See also Jan. 10, 2006 - Nature)
-Tsoukalas: "We thought maybe it was just sloppy work. He got carried away; you know, sometimes people talk themselves into something...I cannot tell you how much time I spent trying to accommodate and make Rusi succeed. But I wouldn't go as far as covering up fraud."
-Vance: "Putterman quickly became the loudest in the anti-bubble-fusion camp and was awarded a Department of Defense contract to try to repeat the experiment...At first, Mr. Putterman and his colleagues simply said Mr. Taleyarkhan's work in detecting fusion was sloppy. But as time went on, the accusations escalated.
April 2, 2007 - Adams to Tsoukalas: Requests permission to identify him as complainant. He declines.
March 29, 2007 - Purdue to Adams: Requests identification of complainant.
March 29, 2007 - Adams to Rutledge: Sends revised ONR allegations to Purdue, starts 90-day clock.
March 23, 2007 - Rutledge to Tsoukalas and Taleyarkhan: Requests their sonofusion research records.
March 23, 2007 - Jischke to Taleyarkhan: Reccomends that he waive his right to confidentiality for the review concluded in 2006.
March 23, 2007 - Coblenz to Adams and Schmidt: Regarding DARPA funding
March 22, 2007 - Putterman to Coblenz and Schmidt: Regarding DARPA funding.
March 22, 2007 - Miller press release: Initiates investigation
March 21, 2007 - Putterman (?) to Adams: Speculations that Taleyarkhan used ONR funding.
March 21, 2007 - Miller to Jischke: Initiates investigation
March 17, 2007 - Purdue C-22 SRM Investigation Committee completes its draft report.
March 14, 2007 - Holleman to Adams: (Counsel for Congressman Miller) calls Adams regarding the bubble fusion allegations. (ONR Record of Investigation)
March 14, 2007 - Adams to Rutledge and Dunn: Calls to "address these bubble fusion allegations and [Purdue] press release matters ... to discuss cooperation in resolving Dr. Tsoukalas' allegations of administrative mismanagement." (ONR Record of Investigation)
March 13, 2007 - Suslick to Adams: Allegations and insinuations of SRM and fraud.
March 12, 2007 - Reich to Adams: Allegations and insinuations of SRM and fraud. (Also sends March 15, 2006 questions and May 4, 2006 slides.)
March 9, 2007 - Mason to Tsoukalas: Implores him to respect confidentiality of C-22 SRM process.
March 9, 2007 - Mason to Purdue Faculty: Purdue's media position, letters to news media
March 9, 2007 - Purdue: Letter to New York Times - (Never published)
March 9, 2007 - Purdue: Letter to Nature - (Never published)
March 9, 2007 - Rutledge to Adams: "Purdue University has not received an allegation of research misconduct directed to 'ONR sponsored or managed science and technology research'." Denies request to turn over non-ONR internal investigation report to Adams. Denies allegations against Purdue.
March 2007 - Putterman to Adams: Sends SRM allegations against Taleyarkhan.
20070307Holleman-to-Tsoukalas.pdf
March 4, 2007 - According to Adams, Coblenz, in collaboration with Reich, alleges to Adams that Taleyarkhan has conducted SRM. (ONR Record of Investigation)
March 1, 2007 - Adams, Joan Miller to Rutledge, Dunn: Phone call regarding Purdue administrative irregularities. Adams inadvertently reveals ONR's own irregularity: "Rutledge explained that their Sept. 6, 2006 inquiry concerned research that was conducted prior to the beginning date of ONR's "bubble fusion" grant (the grant was in effect from March 2005 through February 2007). I understand that if correct, ONR grant funds were not used for the alleged fabricated research results and it may be inappropriate for ONR to continue to pursue the matter." (Wasn't ONR funds, wasn't PNG experiment.)
Feb. 28, 2007 - Adams to Rutledge: Directs Purdue to initiate investigation.
Feb. 27, 2007 - Coblenz to Schmidt, Browning, McQuiston, Adams and Walker: Sends copy of New York Times article
Feb. 22, 2007 - Peccei to Adams: Offers to assist in tracing expenditures or other administrative matters for SRM allegations.
Feb. 21, 2007 - Mason to Tsoukalas et al.: Responds to Tsoukalas group's protest against their perception of inadequate investigation: "An inquiry into a research misconduct allegation is not an inquiry into the verifiability of a research claim."
Feb. 16, 2007 - Adams to Peccei: Requests UCLA TO "initiate an inquiry into Taleyarkhan's alleged research misconduct and bubble fusion fabrications."
Feb. 15, 2007 - Tsoukalas sends more allegations to ONR
Feb. 15, 2007 - Tsoukalas et al. to Mason: Sends letter of protest objecting to the manner in which the previous inquiry was conducted and its conclusions.
Feb. 14, 2007 - Adams and Peccei: Phone call to discuss SRM against Taleyarkhan and Purdue. (Setup of phone call)
Feb. 13, 2007 - Adams makes first contact with Tsoukalas.
Feb. 13, 2007 - Nature/Reich: "Disputed Inquiry Clears Bubble-Fusion Engineer"
Key Quotes:
- "...researchers in the field have criticized the university for failing to say whether the inquiry considered their concerns that the work may be fraudulent."
- "Purdue announced on 7 February that 'the committee determined that the evidence does not support the allegations of research misconduct and that no further investigation of the allegations is warranted.'"
- Suslick: "They apparently narrowly focused the charge and avoided the question of whether the research was doctored."
[Note, this is the same quote as appeared in NYT]
- "Suslick is one of several researchers worried that Taleyarkhan's work may be fraudulent, and he wrote to Purdue about his concerns in June 2006. These include the apparent duplication of data between reports of supposedly independent experiments4 (first raised by Nature), and a report5 that the spectrum of neutrons that Taleyarkhan claims to have detected from bubble fusion exactly matches that of a standard radioactive source called californium.
[Note: This is based on an aspersion, not an empirical observation.] Taleyarkhan has since replied that when he measures neutrons emitted by californium in his lab, he finds something quite unlike what he sees from his fusion experiments.6 [Note: Taleyarkhan did not merely "reply." He published a journal paper that debunked the Cf accusation.] But a recent preprint points out that Taleyarkhan omitted some of the original spectral data in his reply, and that the full data set still looks like californium.7" [Note: the preprint to which Reich infers was rejected and never publishd.]
- "Lefteri Tsoukalas, who asked Purdue to investigate Taleyarkhan in February 2006, has called the announcement 'an outrage'"
- "Seth Putterman of the University of California, Los Angeles, who has also been trying to replicate bubble fusion, thinks that Taleyarkhan's work is invalid. 'Purdue's defence of Taleyarkhan's approach to scientific research taints their reputation,' he says. 'If Purdue were interested in maintaining their credibility they should have appointed external members to their panel.'"
-"Suslick, Putterman and others reported their attempt to replicate Taleyarkhan's claims in an experiment built to his specifications.8 They did not find any evidence that fusion was occurring."
Feb. 13, 2007 - New York Times/Chang: "Researcher Cleared of Misconduct, but Case Is Still Murky"
Key Quotes:
- "Last June, Dr. Suslick sent an e-mail message to Peter E. Dunn, Purdue’s associate vice president for research, saying he believed that Dr. Taleyarkhan’s work might be fraudulent. Dr. Suslick made his accusations based on what he saw during a visit to Dr. Taleyarkhan’s laboratory in March last year as part of a review of a Defense Department grant that Dr. Taleyarkhan was receiving for fusion research." [Note: Of a dozen eye-witnesses at the March 1, 2006 DARPA meeting, Suslick is the only person to allegedly see evidence of fraud.]
- Suslick: “The Purdue administration apparently narrowly focused the committee’s charge and avoided the question of whether the research was doctored.”
[Note: Same quote as Nature]
- "Tsoukalas, who was the head of the school at the time and hired Dr. Taleyarkhan, raised concerns about some of Dr. Taleyarkhan’s behavior."
- "In Physical Review Letters, Dr. Suslick and Seth J. Putterman, a professor of physics at the University of California, Los Angeles, and another persistent critic of Dr. Taleyarkhan, said they had precisely repeated the 2002 experiment. They reported that they found none of the neutrons that would be the telltale sign of fusion."
Feb. 12, 2007 - New York Times/Chang: Publishes Butt Statement and Timeline: (Note: Do not use as NYT timeline as archival reference, it contains date and factual errors.) Chang writes that Butt did not make any scientific contribution to either NED or NURETH paper. Chang omits key word from Butt statement: "any [significant] scientific contribution." (NYT screenshot)
Feb. 9, 2007 - Adams to Coblenz, Schmidt and Walker: Sends information about news media response to Taleyarkhan exoneration.
Feb. 9, 2007 - Adams to ONR: Sends information about news media response to Taleyarkhan exoneration.
Feb. 9, 2007 - Chicago Tribune/Manier: Tabletop Fusion Claims Ignite a Furor at Purdue
Feb. 7, 2007 - Camara, C.G., Hopkins, S.D., Suslick, K.S. and Putterman, S.J., "Upper Bound for Neutron Emission from Sonoluminescing Bubbles in Deuterated Acetone," Physical Review Letters, Vol. 98, p. 064301
Feb. 7, 2007 - Science/Service: Second Inquiry Exonerates Taleyarkhan
Feb. 7, 2007 - Purdue News Service: Purdue Integrity Panel Completes Research Inquiry - (Taleyarkhan exonerated) (See also: Dec. 7 - Nature/Reich)
Feb. 1, 2007 - UCLA/Naranjo: Submits Comment on Taleyarkhan’s reply to Physical Review Letters - (Journal rejects) (See also: March 7, 2006 - Web posting, Oct. 6 - Naranjo, B., Oct. 6 - Taleyarkhan et al, Feb. 1, 2007 - UCLA/Naranjo)
Jan. 30, 2007 - Adams ( ONR): Opens investigation into Taleyarkhan SRM allegations.
Jan. 29, 2007 - Tsoukalas to ONR: Files complaint against Taleyarkhan. Accuses Purdue of administration of cover-up. Provides list of potential witnesses: Suslick, Putterman, Reich, Clikeman, Choi, Ishii, Jevremovic, Ott, Bougaev, Walter. (Complaint)
Jan. 3, 2007 - Pocratsky to Taleyarkhan: No need to acknowledge Department of Energy funds.
2007
Dec. 20, 2006 - Selander to Dunn: Sends corrections to Dec. 15, 2006 Purdue Inquiry Committee report. Also sends Michael Murray Letter
Dec. 19, 2006 - Walker to Krivit: Responds to Krivit's questions about March 1, 2006 DARPA meeting at Purdue
Dec. 15, 2006 - Purdue: Writes final report of 2006 C-22 SRM Inquiry Commitee (Exonerates Taleyarkhan) (See also: Dec. 7 - Nature/Reich)
Dec. 15, 2006 - Dunn to Revankar, Butt, and apparently Gore: They are cleared of C-22 SRM allegations.
Dec. 15, 2006 - Dunn to Xu: Xu is cleared of C-22 SRM allegations.
Dec. 15, 2006 - Dunn to Taleyarkhan: Taleyarkhan is cleared of C-22 SRM allegations.
Dec. 7, 2006 - Nature/Reich: Purdue Attacked Over Fusion Inquiry
(See also Oct. 6, 2006, Taleyarkhan et al: Refutation of Naranjo's Cf-252 Accusation)
- Tsoukalas: “Purdue is a great public university, not a private club”
- Suslick: "At some point they have to say that they have had an investigation and that they either exonerated him or didn't."
Dec. 8, 2006 - Selander to Dunn: Response to Purdue C-22 SRM Inquiry, corrects facts regarding nature of independence of Xu's work.
Dec. 7, 2006 - Taleyarkhan to Dunn: Response to Purdue/Dunn on C-22 SRM Inquiry
Dec. 3, 2006 - Reich to Taleyarkhan: Seeks comment on Fraud Allegations
~Dec. 1, 2006 - Tsoukalas's Lawyer to Mason: Letter (Not public) (Source: Dec. 7, 2006 - Nature/Reich)
Nov. 30, 2006 - Dunn to Taleyarkhan: Letter regarding C-22 SRM Inquiry (Not public)
Nov. 17, 2006 - Forringer, Edward R., Robbins, David, Martin, David, "Confirmation of Neutron Production During Self-Nucleated Acoustic Cavitation," Transactions of the American Nuclear Society International Conference, Vol. 95, P736, Albuquerque, NM
Nov. 6, 2006 - Taleyarkhan to Bralts: Writes about graduate student treatment by Choi.
Nov. 3, 2006 - Taleyarkhan to Mize: Adds questions about SNE use of funds to SNE meeting minutes.
Oct. 27, 2006 - Xu to Dunn: Testimonial about independence of PRL paper
Oct. 12, 2006 - Tsoukalas forced to resign as Head of Purdue School of Nuclear Engineering (Letter to Cordova)
Oct. 6, 2006 - Taleyarkhan, R.P., Block, R.C., Lahey, Jr., R.T., Nigmatulin, R.I., and Xu, Y., Reply to [Naranjo] 'Comment on 'Nuclear Emissions During Self-Nucleated Acoustic Cavitation,"Physical Review Letters, Vol. 97, p. 149404 (See also: March 7, 2006 - Web posting, See also Oct. 6 - Naranjo, B., See also Feb. 1, 2007 - UCLA/Naranjo)
Oct. 6, 2006 - Naranjo, B., "Comment on 'Nuclear Emissions During Self-Nucleated Acoustic Cavitation,'” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 97, p. 149403 - (See also: March 7, 2006 - Web posting, See also Oct. 6 - Taleyarkhan, See also Feb. 1, 2007 - UCLA/Naranjo)
Oct. 5, 2006 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Details Regarding Tessien's Audit, Refutation of UCLA Accusation, DARPA Review
Oct. 6, 2006 - Taleyarkhan, R.P., Block, R.C., Lahey, Jr., R.T., Nigmatulin, R.I., and Xu, Y., "Reply to [Lipson] 'Comment on "Nuclear Emissions During Self-Nucleated Acoustic Cavitation,’” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 97, p. 149402
Oct. 6, 2006 - Lipson, A., "Comment on "Nuclear Emissions During Self-Nucleated Acoustic Cavitation," Physical Review Letters, Vol. 97, p. 149401
Sept. 22, 2006 - Dunn: Forms and assigns task to C-22 SRM Inquiry Committee - (Source: Dec. 8, 2006, letter from Selander to Dunn )
Sept. 21, 2006 - Putterman: Submits manuscript of null result from DARPA replication attempt of external neutron source bubble fusion experiment - (Publishes Feb. 9, 2007)
Sept. 18, 2006 - Choi to Timmerman: Tries to get bubble fusion removed from SNE Web site.
Sept. 12, 2006 - Bertodano to Jamieson: Accuses Taleyarkhan of Misconduct. (One of many files stamped by House Comittee on Science and Technology.
Sept. 10, 2006 - New Energy Times/Krivit: Bubble Fusion Discoverer Taleyarkhan Strikes Back
Sept. 5, 2006 - Tsoukalas to Jamieson: Accuses Taleyarkhan of misconduct
Sept. 5, 2006 - Rutledge to Bertodano: Asks if he wishes to submit a formal written allegations.
Sept. 5 2006 - Tsoukalas files a research integrity complaint against Taleyarkhan
Sept. 5, 2006 - Rutledge to Tsoukalas: Asks if he wishes to submit a formal written allegations.
Sept. 9, 2006 - Taleyarkhan to Josephson: Physical Review Letters acceptance of Naranjo and Taleyarkhan papers. (Less-manipulative than Reich's use of Naranjo pre-print.)
Aug. 30, 2006 - C-22 SRM Inquiry Committee to Rutledge: Explicit allegations of research misconduct as required by C-22 policy have not been made. Committee asks Rutledge to inquire if Tsoukalas and Bertodano desire to submit more explicit allegations of research misconduct with sonofusion research at Purdue.
Aug. 15, 2006 - Jamieson to SNE: Clarifies Taleyarkhan's teaching assignments.
Aug. 14, 2006 - McDeavitt leaves Purdue
Aug. 2006 - Tsoukalas, Lefteri, Clikeman, Franklin, Bertodano, Martin, Jevremovic, Tatjana, Walter, Joshua, Bougaev, Anton and Merritt, Edward, "Tritium Measurements in Neutron-Induced Cavitation of Deuterated Acetone," Nuclear Technology, Vol. 155, p. 248-251 (Aug. 2006) [Received Feb. 28, 2006, Accepted April 11, 2006]
(See also: Feb. 28, 2006 - Tsoukalas , See also May 2004 - Tsoukalas, See also May 14, 2004 - Tsoukalas)
Aug. 8, 2006 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Regarding DARPA Review, Reich Inquiry, Tessien Audit, UCLA/Putterman's use of DARPA Funds
Aug. 2, 2006 - McDeavitt to Jevremovic: Information about joint award between Purdue and Penn State University
Aug. 1, 2006 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Audio interview (Other exhibits)
Aug. 1, 2006 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Audio interview (Tsoukalas taking credit for NED work)
Aug. 1, 2006 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Audio interview (Tsoukalas' approval for moving equipment)
Aug. 1, 2006 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Audio interview (Four public demonstrations)
Aug. 1, 2006 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Audio interview (Tsoukalas positive tritium data) (See also May 14, 2004 Tsoukalas)
Aug. 1, 2006 -Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Partial interview transcript
Aug. 1, 2006 - Taleyarkhan to Krivit: Audio interview (DARPA review and Putterman accusations)
July 31, 2006 - Jamieson to Inquiry Committee: Formation of C-22 SRM Inquiry Committee
July - 27, 2006 - Taleyarhkan, Lahey to Leitz: Explanation of liquid scintillator detector results
July 26, 2006 - Taleyarhkan to Leitz: Explains UCLA video of failed bubble fusion experiment.
Key Quotes:
Leitz: - " Does that mean that UCLA is close to achieving the right conditions?"
Taleyarkhan: "Quite the contrary. Getting comet-like structures is easy and one of the first things one sees. One not only needs to get out of this mode but also to get the SL time evolution history as shown in our PRE (2004) paper."
Taleyarkhan: "This week I've conveyed to DARPA's manager that the UCLA group can not be helped. To have one of the world's leading scientific magazines like Nature draw conclusions relying on expertise from the the UCLA group is to us a travesty of science. Having proven themselves incapable technically, they then resorted to allegations based on contrived modeling and simulations of imagined experiment geometries."
- (See also May 21, 2007, June 2006, May 29, 2007)
July 20, 2006 - Nature/Reich: Reich Grows Concerns
July 11, 2006 - Jamieson and Revankar: Meeting between 3:30 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. Jamieson provides Revankar with allegations of SRM against him relating to sonofusion research at Purdue University.
July 11, 2006 - Jamieson to Butt, Gore, Revankar, Taleyarkhan, Xu: C-22 SRM Notification. Sends letter "I am informing you of the allegations of possible research misconduct against you"
July 9, 2006 - Mason to Tsoukalas: Discourages Tsoukalas from contacting press and violating confidential nature of C-22 policy. Nevertheless, Tsoukalas gives letter to Kenneth Chang, who publishes it in the New York Times on Feb. 13, 2007
July 8, 2006 - Putterman to Coblenz and Schmidt: Shares inside knowledge of forthcoming Nature article by Reich questioning Taleyarkhan's motives and use of government funds. Coblenz forwards Putterman message to Wax, Walker and Browning. Putterman complains about hardship of writing a negative results paper.
July 4, 2006 - Taleyarkhan to Marchant, Krivit: Confirmation of Assignment to Reich
July 3, 2006 - Taleyarkhan: Distinction Beteween SBSL and MBSL
July 3, 2006 - Taleyarkhan: Letter to Coblenz Regarding Sonofusion Review - (See also March 6, 2006)
July 2, 2006 - Tsoukalas to Mason: Alleges, without evidence, that Taleyarkhan faked replication. At some point in in time, Tsoukalas gives this letter to Kenneth Chang, who publishes it in The New York Times on Feb. 12, 2007.
June, 2006 - UCLA: Video Shows Malformed Bubbles; Failure to Achieve Required Conditions (Alt. copy)
- (See also May 21, 2007, July 26, 2006, May 29, 2007)
June 30, 2006 - Nature/Reich: Nature/Reich: Request for Comment for July 20 Article
June 30, 2006 - Lahey, R.T. Jr., Taleyarkhan, R.P., Nigmatulin, R.I., Akhatov, I.S., “Sonoluminescence and the Search for Sonofusion,” in Advances in Heat Transfer, Vol. 39, Academic Press, ISSN 0065-2717 DOI: 10.1016/S0065-2717(06)39001-6 - (181 pages)
June 30, 2006 - IEEE Spectrum/UCLA-Brian Naranjo & Seth Putterman: For the Record
Key Quotes -
- Putterman: "The fact is that the Pyrex acoustic resonator currently in use at UCLA was built according to blueprints provided by Taleyarkhan's group...It is regrettable that no attempt was made to contact us while reporting this article."
Related Quotes from New Energy Times 2007 Special Report:
- Lahey: "I offered to send him the design drawings of the one we built at RPI, but he never responded to my offer."
- Lahey: "...each one of these test sections is hand-crafted. There isn't anything like machine drawings made of them...The only thing that I've ever seen as far as drawings is a sketch that Rusi made of the conceptual design."
(See also May 21, 2007, May 29, 2007, June 2006, July 26, 2006)
June 20, 2006 - Purdue News Service: States Rutledge Committee Completes Examination "Any further action in this matter will be conducted as an internal matter under appropriate university procedures.... "Specific recommendations of the examination committee and any subsequent steps by the university will be
treated as confidential internal matters."
June 16, 2006 - Rutledge to Jamieson: Clarification on appointment of C-22 SRM Inquiry Committee; definitions of misconduct.
June 9, 2006 - Bugg: Experiment Report to Taleyarkhan
June 9, 2006 - Rutledge to Jamieson: Forwards Examination Committee conclusion as an allegation of fraud, initiates C-22 SRM procedure. Directs Jamieson to appoint C-22 SRM Inquiry Committee and notify Taleyarkhan, Gore, Revankar, Xu and Butt.
June 6, 2006 - UCLA: Policy on research misconduct
June 6-7, 2006 - Bugg Group: Performs Successful Replication at Purdue
June 5, 2006 - Purdue/Examination Committee completed its work.Report from Committee to Rutledge (Asks important question about why Tsoukalas paper withdrawn from NURETH)
- Excerpt from July 31, 2006, Jamieson Letter: "After completing its examination, on June 5, 2006 the committee issued its Examination Committee Report to Dr. Rutledge. Upon receiving the report, Dr. Rutledge asked each member of the Examination Committee to clarify whether or not the committee's examination recognized an allegation of potential research misconduct. Each committee member confirmed that possibility to Dr. Rutledge."
June 2, 2006 - Purdue Examination Committee meets, interviews Taleyarkhan.
June 1, 2006 - Suslick sends concerns and allegations to Dunn: Alleges that Taleyarkhan committed science fraud. Purdue ignored Suslick's allegations, and did not respond to Suslick because, according to Purdue, Suslick's concerns were not transmitted in the proper format. (ONR Record of Investigation) Actually, Purdue was being diplomatic. Suslick presented no evidentiary facts but instead, wrote a hate-and inunendo filled letter. Suslick's letter reveals advance coordination with Reich.
June 1, 2006 - McDeavitt: Submits resignation. Requests termination date of Aug. 14, 2006, which was granted.
May 31, 2006 - Purdue Examination Committee meets.
May 30, 2006 - Purdue/Jamieson: Begins formal review of Lefteri Tsoukalas as Head of the School of Nuclear Engineering
May 30, 2006 - Purdue Examination Committee meets.
May 25, 2006 - Purdue Examination Committee meets.
May 18, 2006 - Lahey: Sonofusion, Fact or Fiction?
May 17, 2006 - Purdue Examination Committee meets, interviews Tsoukalas.
May 14, 2006 - Forringer Group: Performs Successful Replication at Purdue
May 10, 2006 - Nature/Reich: Bubble-fusion group suffer setback
May 11, 2006 - Jamieson decided that Taleyarkhan would report directly to her and at the same time initiated head [of school, Tsoukalas] review. (Tsoukalas letter)
May 9, 2006 - Purdue/Mason: Response to Tsoukalas
May 6, 2006 - IEEE Spectrum/Guizzo: Bubble Fusion Research Under Scrutiny Lahey quoted by Guizzo: "Putterman was using a design 'that was doomed to failure' and that he told him so when visiting his laboratory at UCLA last year."
May 4, 2006 - Purdue Examination Committee meets.
May 4, 2006 - Reich to Purdue Examination Committee: Slide presentation with insinuations of fraud.
May 2, 2006 - Taleyarkhan Group: Publish Erratum to Jan. 27 Physical Review Letters Paper
April 28, 2006 - Purdue Examination Committee meets.
April 26, 2006 - Purdue Examination Committee meets.
April 22, 2006 - Suslick: Letter to Dunn (Ref: Miller report, pg. 6, ref. 19)
April 17, 2006 - Dunn: Professional CV , NCURA CV , Conflict of Interest Officer
April 17, 2006 - Purdue/Dunn: Memorandum to Examination Committee. Purdue Examination Committee meets.
April 17, 2006 - Katehi to Dunn: Forwards Suslick's March 4, 2006 e-mail
April 16, 2006 - Purdue Examination Committee formed.(ONR Record of Investigation)
April 11, 2006 - Putterman: Energy Concentrating Phenomena: from Sonoluminescence to Crystal Fusion
Key Quote: "Whether cavitating systems will reach energy densities that initiate thermonuclear fusion is an open question that is in the news."
April 11, 2006 - Tsoukalas Group: Disconfirming Paper to Nuclear Technology Accepted
March 15, 2006 - Reich to Purdue Examination Committee: Sends insinuations of fraud.
March 10, 2006 - Purdue/Norberg: Procedures for Examination Committee (Examination Committee was not part of the Purdue policy which identifies an Inquiry Committee, followed by an Investigation Committee.)
March 9, 2006 - Purdue/Norberg: Response to Krivit Questions Regarding Nature and New York Times Articles
Key Quotes:
- Krivit: "Are the energies or particle types from californium similar or different from the particles given off by your experiment?"
- Krivit: "
Was Naranjo's analysis based on his own experiment or a computer simulation?"
March 9, 2006, 1 a.m. PDT - Los Angeles Times/Maugh: College Reviews Physicist's Tabletop Fusion Claims
March 9, 2006, 1 a.m. PDT - New York Times: Scientist Says He Stands by Fusion Data
March 9, 2006, 1 AM PDT - Washington Post: Tabletop Fusion Research Under Review
March 8, 2006: Jeanne Norberg (Purdue media relations) sent information to her counterpart Ruth Francis (Nature media relations). Francis then forwards information to her peers "FYI, more evidence that this journalist was pulling the wool over our eyes." Francis sends note to Jo Marchant, the editor to whom Reich reported. Marchant then forwarded the note to Reich.(pdf)
March 8, 2006 - Purdue News Service: Purdue Initiates Objective Review Of 'Bubble' Fusion Purdue invents an additional step outside of C-22 SRM policy, in advance of, and to see if an inquiry was warranted. News release states review began a week prior. E-mail from Purdue insider says review began on March 6.
March 8, 2006 - Taleyarkhan: Placing Faith in the Integrity of Peter Dunn and Sally Mason
March 8, 2006, 2 PM PDT - AP: Purdue probes 'tabletop fusion' study
March 8, 2006, 11 AM PDT - UPI: Purdue investigates professor's research (Reprints N.Y. Times' story)
March 8, 2006, 9 AM PDT- CNN: Purdue probes 'cold fusion' fraud claim (Reprints Reuter's story)
March 8, 2006, 7 AM PDT - Reuters: University Checks "Bubble Fusion" Fraud Claim
(First use of "fraud"in the media on this event)
March 8, 2006, ~6 AM PDT - Nature/Reich: Bubble Bursts for Table-top Fusion
March 8, 2006, ~6 AM PDT - Nature/Reich: Is bubble fusion simply hot air?
March 8, 2006, ~6 AM PDT - Nature/Reich: Bubble Fusion: Silencing the Hype
March 8, 2006, ~6 AM PDT - Nature/Reich: A Sound Investment?
March 8, 2006, 3:00 AM PTD - Krivit-Chang Thread
March 8, 2006, ~12:30 AM PDT - New York Times: University to Investigate Fusion Study

Related Quote
: Norberg - "Because the embargo for the Nature story was 8 a.m. Wednesday, the NYT reporter couldn't refer to it in his article for that morning's edition. So he turned the Purdue statement into the story, which then ran without the context of the fact that it was a response, not an announcement. While Purdue chose to use the word 'review' in its statement, the reporter and headline writer chose the word 'investigate.'


"Consequently the story, which appeared without context, looked as though Purdue had announced it was investigating the the researcher. That was not the case. Unfortunately, many media then carried that story."
March 8, 2006 - Reich to Tsoukalas: Talks about the the publication of her news stories and the fact that Nature decided to issue press releases about the news stories.
March 7, 2006 - Jevremovic to Reich: Writes that she believed that Reich had agreed to send her the draft article before it published. Reich sends draft to Jevremovic hours before the story publishes. Jevremovic writes to Tsoukalas: "
I am trying to have her change some of the parts that are not accurate and are not good for anyone. Could you contact her as well. Please let me know should I call her."
March 7, 2006 - Naranjo, B., "Comment on 'Nuclear Emissions During Self-Nucleated Acoustic Cavitation',” appears on arXiv Web Site: arXiv:physics/0603055 v1
March 6, 2006 - Purdue begins review of allegations made by Tsoukalas' illegal fact-finding committee. Jamieson appoints three-member committee: Dale Compton, Byron Pipes, Ronald G. Reifenberger.
March 6, 2006 - DARPA/Coblenz: Feedback on Sonofusion Review
March 5, 2008 - Tsoukalas to Dunn: Says he didn't send allegations to Reich in advance of the conclusion of his Feb. 2006 "fact-finding committee." His letter includes the basic allegations that Purdue eventually charged against Taleyarkhan.
March 4, 2006 - Suslick: Sends concerns and allegations to Putterman, Coblenz (DARPA Program Manager, Schmidt (ONR Program Manager): "I'll add my thoughts on these issues, too, now that I've caught up on sleep-debt. Unlike my abrasive good friend Seth, I am known for my gentle and well-mannered personality. So
please normalize my response below. Rusi's performance at Purdue was a farce on par with a Uri Geller spoon bending act. I'm not quite decided whether Rusi is also just fooling himself or has actually crossed the line into fraud. I strongly suspect the latter, but only because I give him the benefit of the doubt that he's not a complete moron."
March 3, 2006 - Hubler to Taleyarkhan: Including March 1 data in his report.
March 3, 2006 - Science/Kennedy: Editorial - The Mailbag
March 2, 2006 - Tessien: Witnesses Successful Bubble Fusion Experiment on Demand
~March 1, 2006 - Purdue/Mason: Begins "Review of the Research and the Accusations" - (Source: NYT, March 8)
March 1, 2006 - DARPA/Coblenz: Suggests that Successful Taleyarkan Apparatus be Shipped to UCLA for Independent Verification; Taleyarkhan declines (Source: Science, March 17, 2006)
March 1, 2006 - 4:00 p.m Nature/Reich: Contacts Taleyarkhan Regarding Cf-252 Spiking Insinuation
March 1, 2006 - 2:00 p.m. - UCLA/Putterman: Insinuates Taleyarkhan Fraud via Cf-252 Spiking
March 1, 2006 - DARPA Review Meeting at Purdue. Attendees include Taleyarkhan (Purdue), Bill Coblenz (DARPA), Graham Hubler (ONR), Peter Schmidt (ONR), Seth Putterman + student (UCLA), Felipe Gaitan, Ross Tessien and Wylene Dunbar (Impulse Devices), Ken Suslick + students (UIUC), JaeSeon Cho (ORNL).
Feb. 28, 2006 - Tsoukalasand his colleagues: Complete the changes they needed to turn the tritium data from his group's nuclear cavitation confirmation to a disconfirmation and submits the group's paper to Nuclear Technology. E-mails between Reich and Tsoukalas show that her impending articles, critical of nuclear cavitation research, were motivating factors for his paper submission at that time. Tsoukalas notified Reich of his intentions to submit his negative-results paper on Feb. 25. (Nuclear Technology paper publishes Aug. 2006)
Feb. 28, 2006 - ONR grant NOOOI4-05-1-0459 to UCLA. Original period of performance ends for replication attempt of Taleyarkhan's external neutron source sonofusion experiment. (Period was extended another year.)
Feb. 27, 2006 - McDeavitt: Files grievance against Tsoukalas.
Feb. 25, 2006 - Putterman to Taleyarkhan: Asks him, "Do you want or not want Lefteri or other Purdue neutron experts/competitors at [March 1 DARPA] mtg?"
Feb. 24, 2006 - Tsoukalas to Dunn and Katehi: Advises them about Reich/Nature inquiry and the Tsoukalas-Choi "fact-finding" Committee. Asks them "how to proceed on this delicate matter." Tsoukalas had just fed false information about Taleyarkhan to Reich. (Tsoukalas to Adams)
Feb. 23, 2006 - Choi: Delivers Fact-Finding Committee Final Report to Tsoukalas
Feb. 23, 2006 - Choi: Obtains document "Timeline of Events" from Adam Butt (Compare to Aug. 6 -2004 - Butt: Butt's Sonofusion lab 2004 summer activities)
Feb. 22 , 2006- Tsoukalas-Choi Committee Meeting (no minutes kept)
Feb. 22, 2006 - Nature accepts Reich's story - (Source: Reich)
Feb. 21, 2006 - Reich: Informs Taleyarkhan that "the article will likely be published in Nature- (Source: Reich)
Feb. 20, 2006 - Reich: Initiates first contact with Taleyarkhan regarding forthcoming article (Source: Taleyarkhan)
Feb. 20, 2006 - Tsoukalas-Choi Committee: Meeting with Adam Butt and Yiban Xu (No minutes kept)
Feb. 17, 2006 - Tsoukalas-Choi Committee: Meeting with Adam Butt (No minutes kept)
Feb. 15, 2006 - Reich - Tsoukalas phone call
Feb. 15, 2006 - Tsoukalas-Choi Committee Meeting of (No minutes kept)
Feb. 9, 2009 - Putterman to Suslick: "I was contacted by a Eugenie Reich freelance for Nature. Her goal is to write a news story that will cause an investigation of Rusi Taleyarkhan."
Feb. 9, 2006 - Tsoukalas to Reich (March 5, 2008 Tsoukalas)
Feb. 9, 2006 - Tsoukalas-Choi Committee Meeting (No minutes kept)
Feb. 9, 2006 - Reich to Tsoukalas: "Do not freak out." Tries to convince Tsoukalas that she is not interested in writing a story about fraud.
Feb. 9, 2006 - Tsoukalas to Reich: After talking with Putterman and Suslick, Tsoukalas attempts to take back his accusations to Reich of fraud as mere "poetic license and dramatic language." Offers "apology." Post-facto, makes request that his previous on-record conversation with Reich to be confidential.
Feb. 7, 2006 - Reich to Bertodano, Tsoukalas and Walter: Encourages them to provide her with unpublished and unreviewed scientific information. By this time, according to her e-mails, she is strongly convinced that the story will lead to a finding of fraud or research misconduct for experiments that claim to support nuclear cavitation.
Feb. 7, 2006 - Tsoukalas: Establishes Fact-Finding Committee
Feb. 6, 2006 - Reich: Sends Tsoukalas list of questions. (Original scan)
Feb. 6, 2006 - Reich contacted Butt. She attempted to confirm with him what Tsoukalas had written to Gore about Butt's non-involvment with the research. Butt directly contradicted Tsoukalas. Butt confirmed to Reich that he co-wrote, with Xu, the Nuclear and Engineering Design paper; that the work was part of his master's thesis; and that, to his knowledge, his name was on the paper from an earlier stage rather than added at the last-minute.

"About Adam Butt: I spoke to him today. I did not tell him why I am asking particular questions (anyway, he already knows [that] the [science] community questions the independence of the experiment). So, he says [the Xu/Butt work] is part of his master's thesis, and that he co-wrote the paper which Yiban [Xu], to his knowledge not with Rusi, and he thinks his name was on it from an earlier stage [rather] than last-minute."
Feb. 6, 2006 - Tsoukalas sent Reich copies of his e-mail exchange with Gore.
Feb. 5, 2006 - Tsoukalas makes allegations to Reich (implied by Feb. 6, 2006 Reich)
Feb. 3, 2006 - Reich to Tsoukalas: Contacts Tsoukalas for the first time. Reich asks him about statements from the July 12, 2005, Purdue press release which stated that Xu and Butt, in their independent replication, "worked under the sponsorship and direction of Lefteri Tsoukalas."

Reich: "I would like to confirm that you were responsible for supervising the work of Adam Butt and Yiban Xu on the independent confirmatory experiment."

Tsoukalas replies to Reich the same day, writing that he had "absolutely nothing to do with the paper or the work reported." When Reich asked him to explain the discrepancy, Tsoukalas tells Reich that the press release was written incorrectly. Tsoukalas did not tell Reich that he had reviewed and approved the draft press release in advance.

July 7, 2007, statement by Venere contradicts Tsoukalas: "We consulted extensively with Lefteri Tsoukalas during preparation of this release. This was because he was supervising, or sponsoring, the two listed authors of this paper, Yiban Xu and Adam Butt. In fact, Lefteri enthusiastically approved this news release."
Jan. 27, 2006 - Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute:New Sonofusion Experiment Produces Results Without External Neutron Source
Jan. 27, 2006 - Taleyarkhan, R.P., West, C.D., Lahey, Jr. R.T., Nigmatulin, R.I., Block, R.C. and Xu, Y., "Nuclear Emissions During Self-Nucleated Acoustic Cavitation," Physical Review Letters, Vol. 96, p. 179903(E), (2006) Erratum

Paper states "Previously, we have provided evidence [Taleyarkhan et. al, Science 2002] for 2.45 MeV neutron emission and tritium production during external neutron-seeded cavitation experiments with chilled deuterated acetone, and these observations have now been independently confirmed [Xu/Butt, Nuclear Engineering & Design 2005]."
Jan. 25, 2006 - Ishii to Tsoukalas: References Bertodano letter. Suggests that Tsoukalas form an informal fact-finding committee.
Jan. 13, 2006 - Bertodano to Ishii: Makes accusations of reseach misconduct against Taleyarkhan, asks Ishii to take action.
Jan. 13, 2006 - "Confidential Communication" Regarding Initiation of Tsoukalas' Committee (Source: Miller report pg. 9, ref. 26)
Jan. 11, 2006 - Coblenz: Initiates UCLA Replication Attempt of Self-Nucleated Experiment "I would like you and Seth to set up a time for a meeting at Purdue where I can see the reactor in operation. I then want to discuss the quickest way to duplicate these results in Seth's lab."

(The meeting took place on March 1, 2006. The self-nucleated replication at UCLA never happened. Putterman insinuated fraud by Taleyarkhan at the March 1 meeting.)
Jan. 10, 2006 - Taleyarkhan: Self-Nucleated Paper Accepted in Physical Review Letters (Publishes Jan. 27, 2006)
Jan. 10, 2006 - Nature/Peplow: "Desktop Fusion Is Back on the Table: Physicist Claims to Have Definitive Data, but Can They Be Replicated?"
Key Quotes:
- "Given that Suslick and Putterman have both investigated Taleyarkhan's past claims, they think it odd that they were not consulted by the editors of Physical Review Letters about the paper. ‘There are other people who are very knowledgeable about this,’ comments Martin Blume, editor-in-chief of the American Physical Society."
-
"Taleyarkhan says that Suslick and Putterman are welcome to visit his lab to see the results for themselves. Both are eager to go as soon as possible. 'We look forward to seeing the experiment run,' says Putterman."
2006

Dec. 2005 - Butt: Master's Thesis, Acoustic Inertial Confinement Fusion: Characterization Of Reaction Chamber

Nov. 23, 2005 - Tsoukalas berates Taleyarkhan
Nov. 21, 2005 - Tsoukalas to Adams: Makes accusations of research misconduct against Taleyarkhan. Forwards copies of Tsoukalas-Gore and other e-mails to Adams.
Nov. 21, 2005 - Gore to Tsoukalas: Declines to work further on any matter in which Tsoukalas "characterizes as involving 'experimental sloppiness, poor analysis, and even poorer ethics.'"
Nov. 21, 2005 - Tsoukalas to Gore: Makes accusations of research misconduct against Taleyarkhan.
Oct. 27, 2005 - Nature/Brumfiel: Profile of Seth Putterman: "Fiercely Independent Researcher"
Oct. 25, 2005 - Nigmatulin, R.I., Akhatov, I. Sh., Topolnikov, A.S., Bolotnova, R.Kh., Vakhitova, N.K., "Theory of Supercompression of Vapor Bubbles and Nanoscale Thermonuclear Fusion," Physics of Fluids, Vol. 17, p. 107106, (2005)
Oct. 14, 2005 - Suslick begins to coach Walter on how to proceed with fraud allegations and documentation of work performed. Suslick sends Walter's e-mails to Putterman. (E-mails)
Oct. 13, 2005 - Walter insinuates to Suslick that Xu/Butt work was fraudulent. Walter tells Suslick that a copy of his group's draft, unpublished NURETH report was given to Putterman. "We are both interested in talking further with you. If you are interested, it would not be a problem for us to drive to UIUC to discuss this." (E-mails)
Oct. 12, 2005 - Suslick responds to Walter "I presume you're referring to the paper by Yiban Xu and Adam Butt (was there more than one paper!?). I've been very curious about that paper and how independent it truly was of Taleyarkhan, and you seem to know more about it than I've been able to get from Rusi. You've certainly got my curiosity picqued." (E-mails)
Oct. 12, 2005 - Walter (Ph.D. Candidate at Purdue under Tsoukalas) initiates contact with Suslick (UIUC) "Subject: CONFIDENTIAL: Research Discussion" to discuss bubble fusion. (E-mails)
Oct. 8, 2005 - Gore and Katehi to the SNE staff:
"We do not recommend more work on preparation of press releases on this controversial subject without a quick prior review by my office. This subject matter is very controversial and DARPA has funded verification studies at UIUC (Suslick) and UCLA (Putterman). We should wait until these senior researchers opine on the Taleyarkhan discovery. If the results are positive we will have the opportunity to have many glorious news releases on the discovery. In the interim, ... [given] the anxiety we have about the discovery ... more news releases will not add to our reputation in my opinion."
Oct. 7, 2005 - Taleyarkhan: Origin of His Bubble Fusion Work
Oct. 6, 2005 - NURETH 11 Conference, Avignon, France
- Xu/Butt/Revankar paper presented by Revankar (abstract) (paper)
- Lahey presents invited closing lecture on sonofusion
- Bertodano on technical program committee

[The Oct. 7, 2004 abstracts show the following accepted papers from Purdue: Takahashi Hibiki, Revankar, Chris Burns, Tiejun Wu, Vanga Reddy and N. Brahma, Bertodano, Tsoukalas]
[The July 28, 2005 abstracts show the following accepted papers from Purdue: Takahashi Hibiki, Vanga Reddy and N.Brahma, Chris Burns, Revankar, Tiejun Wu, Yiban Xu]
Oct. 5, 2005 - Navy AIO Slide Presentation (General Information)
Oct. 4, 2005 - Tsoukalas alleges to Gore that Xu/Butt/Revankar NURETH-11 paper was the result of multiple breaches of research integrity.

"There are very serious doubts about the authenticity, ethics and validity of the paper published in the Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Design. At least one of the authors had nothing to do with it and his name was put on the paper literally in the last minute."
Oct. 4, 2005 - Gore tells Tsoukalas that Xu/Butt/Revankar press release about NURETH-11 paper should move forward.
Sept. 21, 2005 - Mize on the SNE Primary Committee Meeting: The School of Nuclear Engineering held another primary committee meeting. Taleyarkhan voted against the promotion of Jevremovic. "That's when Dr. Tsoukalas really got mad at Dr. Taleyarkhan," Mize wrote. "It was the beginning of the end of Dr. Taleyarkhan as far as Dr. Tsoukalas was concerned."
Sept. 16, 2005 - RPI/Block: Cover Letter sent to Physical Review Letters for "Nuclear Emissions During Self-Nucleated Acoustic Cavitation"
July 18, 2005 - Telepolis/Lietz: "Bubble Fusion Takes Next Hurdle" (See Putterman quote regarding timing coincidences and correction at bottom)
July 12, 2005 - Purdue News Service: Issues press release announcing the successful nuclear cavitation replication by Xu and Butt. The press release, which was reviewed and approved by Tsoukalas, states the following:

"Xu and Butt now work in Taleyarkhan's lab, but all of the research on which the new paper is based was conducted before they joined the lab, and the research began at Purdue before Taleyarkhan had become a Purdue faculty member. The two researchers used an identical "carbon copy" of the original test chamber designed by Taleyarkhan, and they worked under the sponsorship and direction of Lefteri Tsoukalas, head of the School of Nuclear Engineering."
July 11, 2005 - Tsoukalas: First Confirmation of Purdue Press Release to Venere (Second Confirmation)
July 8, 2005 - Purdue/Venere: Interview with Rusi Taleyarkhan
July 5, 2005 - Purdue School of Nuclear Engineering holds Primary Committee meeting and votes on faculty tenure and promotions. Taleyarkhan opposes Tsoukalas' reccomendations.
July 5, 2005 - Taleyarkhan: Putterman's Pyro-Fusion is Not Thermonuclear Fusion
June 23, 2005 - Taleyarkhan: USPTO Patent Application
May 23,2005 - One-day DARPA sonofusion workshop at Purdue
~May 2005 - DARPA-Sponsored UCLA Replication Attempt of External Neutron Source Experiment Funded
May, 2005 - Physics Today/Levi: Evidence for Plasma Inside a Sonoluminescing Bubble
May 3, 2005 - Xu, Y., and Butt, A., "Confirmatory Experiments for Nuclear Emissions During Acoustic Cavitation," Nuclear Engineering and Design, Vol. 235, p. 1317
April 28, 2005 - Purdue/[Redacted]: Professor Trying to Leave Purdue SNE
April 28, 2005 - Nature/Peplow: [UCLA crystal piezo fusion work]
April 28, 2005 - New York Times/Chang: "Itty-Bitty and Shrinking, Fusion Device Has Big Ideas"
April 28, 2005 - UCLA/Putterman-Naranjo-Gimzewski: Publish Crystal Piezo Fusion Work in Nature
April 7, 2005 - RPI/Lahey: "Sonoluminescence and the Search for Sonofusion," presented at UCLA
April 7, 2005 - RPI/Lahey: Visits UCLA, Observes DARPA-sponsored Replication Attempt of External Neutron Source Experiment - (See 2007 NET Special Report)
March 15, 2005 - New York Times/Chang: Tiny Bubbles Implode With the Heat of a Star
Quotes Taleyarkhan who says he has not yet agreed to participate with DARPA/UCLA replication attempt.
March 14, 2005 - ONR awards grant NOOOI4-05-1-0459 to UCLA, "Using Acoustic Cavitation to Produce Thermonuclear Fusion," and subcontracts to Purdue and UIUC, for replication attempt of Taleyarkhan's external neutron source sonofusion experiment. Period of performance is dated March 1, 2005-Feb. 28, 2006. ONR program manager is Parbury Peter Schmidt.
March 9, 2005 - Putterman: Pressures Taleyarkhan to change quote given to Chang (Taleyarkhan does not change quote)
March 7, 2005 - CEN/Dagani: Bubble Inferno
March 5, 2005 - Science/Weiss: Brutal Bubbles: Collapsing orbs rip apart atom
March 4, 2005 - Science/Granmar: Hotter Than the Sun
March 3, 2005 - Nature/Lohse: Cavitation Hots Up
Key quote: "Flannigan and Suslick’s experiments are a milestone in single-bubble sonoluminescence"
March 3, 2005 - Flannigan, David J., and Suslick, Kenneth S., "Plasma Formation and Temperature Measurement During Single-Bubble Cavitation," Nature, Vol. 434, p. 52
March 2, 2005 - Nature/Peplow: Collapsing Bubbles Have Hot Plasma Core: Find Could Boost Hopes for Bubble-Driven Desktop Fusion
Key quote: - Suslick's research "raises hopes that the effect, called sonoluminescence, might one day be used as an almost limitless source of energy."
March 14, 2005 - ONR grant NOOOI4-05-1-0459 to UCLA. Period of performance begins for replication attempt of Taleyarkhan's external neutron source sonofusion experiment.
Feb. 16, 2005 - BBC Horizon broadcasts: An Experiment to Save the World (Transcript)
(UCLA/Putterman failure to replicate External Neutron Source Experiment)
Feb. 16, 2005 - UCLA to Schmidt: Sends revised budget for proposal for grant NOOOI4-05-1-0459.
Feb. 14, 2005 - Putterman: Budget for "Using Acoustic Cavitation to Produce Thermonuclear Fusion," later granted as ONR NOOOI4-05-1-0459. Putterman proposes to backdate start of performance to Dec. 21, 2004. Proposes two phases, totalling $5 million.
Feb. 10, 2005 - Putterman to Schmidt: Transmits documents for "Using Acoustic Cavitation to Produce Thermonuclear Fusion," later granted as ONR NOOOI4-05-1-0459.
Feb. 10, 2005 - Adam Butt: Video of Bubble Fusion Lecture (Taleyarkhan Documentation)
.(Note: New Energy Times has trimmed the beginning of the video to fit within Youtube's limitation. Taleyarkhan's time markers will thus be shifted.)
Feb. 7, 2005 - Xu, Y., and Butt, A., "Confirmatory Experiments for Nuclear Emissions During Acoustic Cavitation," accepted for publication - (Publishes in Nuclear Engineering and Designon May 3, 2005)
Jan. 25, 2005 - NED/Lohnert: E-mail to Taleyarkhan Inviting Xu/Butt Confirmatory Paper
Feb. 2005 - Xu conducts additional experiments that were reported in NURETH-11 paper. Experiments run through the summer.
Jan. 19, 2005 - Tsoukalas to Murray: Message to BBC Regarding his Group’s Successful Bubble Fusion Results
July 18, 2005 - Telepolis/Lietz: Bubble Fusion takes next hurdle
Jan. 18, 2005 - Taleyarkhan responds to BBC request for comment (Taleyarkhan response)
(March 9, 2006 Interview Regarding BBC)
Jan. 17, 2005 (week of) Xu began discussing with Revankar the idea of performing his own set of experiments and reporting his own papers, independent from the Tsoukalas group. The conference organizer, who knew Revankar personally, asked whether anyone else at Purdue could provide a paper to report a successful nuclear cavitation replication; Revankar suggested the work of Xu and Butt, with which he had assisted.
Jan. 14, 2005, on behalf of the Tsoukalas group, Bertodano retracted the group's NURETH paper.
Jan. 13, 2005 - BBC/Murray: Informs Taleyarkhan of UCLA's Failure to Replicate External Neutron Source Experiment
Jan. 13, 2005 - Naranjo: E-mails Document Package to BBC Horizon
Jan. 13, 2005 - Xu/Butt: Submit Manuscript to Nuclear Engineering and Design
Jan. 12, 2005 - AFTEC: Consortium Formed to Study Acoustic Fusion; Could be Alternative to Oil, Gas, Coal and Nuclear Power
2005
Dec. 23, 2004 - Putterman: Proposal for "Using Acoustic Cavitation to Produce Thermonuclear Fusion," later granted as ONR NOOOI4-05-1-0459. Requests $5.2 million for period of performance Dhe isec. 21, 2004 - Dec. 20, 2007. (Includes Feb. 16, 2005 revised budget.)
Dec. 22, 2004 - Taleyarkhan: Transmits proposal for subcontract "Sonofusion Studies" to UCLA. Requests $1.4 million for period of three years.
Dec. 22, 2004 - Jevremovic distritubtes another revised draft of the Tsoukalas group's NURETH-11 paper. This time, Xu,'s name is missing. On seeing the draft, Revankar requests that his name be removed from the paper.
Dec. 20, 2004 - Crum: Transmits proposal for subcontract "Controlling and Enhancing Cavitation Collapse Energetics" to UCLA. Requests $800,000 for period of performance Dec. 1, 2005 - Nov. 30, 2007.
Dec. 20, 2004 - Tsoukalas group holds a meeting and affirms the decision to remove the confirmatory data from the Tsoukalas group's NURETH-11 paper.
Dec. 17, 2004 - Taleyarkhan: E-mail Mentioned in Selander December 8, 2006 - (Not public)
Dec. 14, 2004 - Taleyarkhan: E-mail to Xu Regarding PRL Manuscript - (Not public)
Dec. 14, 2004 - Suslick: Transmits proposal for subcontract "Chemical Control of Cavitation" to UCLA.
Dec. 10, 2004 - Suslick: Proposal for "Chemical Control of Cavitation." Requests $900,000 for period of performance Dec. 21, 2004 - Dec. 20, 2007.
Dec. 8, 2004 - DARPA approves Putterman's idea of an attempted replication and requests formal proposals.
Dec. 6, 2004 - Walter sends a revision of the Tsoukalas' group's draft paper for NURETH-11. The confirmatory data had been removed.
Nov. 16, 2004 - At ASM, Putterman and Suslick ask Taleyarkhan to help them attempt a replication via DARPA.
Nov. 16, 2004 - Acoustical Society of America 148th Meeting, San Diego Invited papers from Putterman, Taleyarkhan, Suslick, Hoffmann, Ashokkumar and Ferrell (press release)
Nov. 5, 2004 - UCLA Sends final analysis of BBC-Sponsored replication attempt to BBC (Source: Naranjo's emails to BBC)
~Oct. or Nov. 2004 - UCLA proposes concept to DARPA for replication attempt of external neutron-source experiment
Oct 22, 2004 - Bertodano sends e-mail to Tsoukalas and his group about the Tsoukalas group's NURETH-11 draft paper. Bertodano tells Tsoukalas that some of them had had a meeting and that they had objections to the confirmatory data they had obtained a year earlier.
Oct. 7-10, 2004 - UCLA Performs BBC-Sponsored Replication Attempt of External Neutron Source Experiment for BBC (Source: BBC Horizon)

Between Oct. 7 and 10, 2004, Putterman, at UCLA, performed a BBC-sponsored replication attempt of the external-neutrons-source experiment. Putterman was a competing scientist who had been attempting to achieve sonofusion for many years. He had gone on record in 2002, after the announcement of the Taleyarkhan group's discovery at Oak Ridge, and stated that he was unconvinced of their results. Putterman stated that he did not intend to try and repeat the experiment himself. 'We will not morph our project in order to reproduce an experiment that provides no new evidence for sonofusion," Putterman told Physics World. Putterman's statements suggest that he intended that his BBC-sponsored replication attempt would fail. And it did.
Oct. 2-6, 2005: NURETH-11 Conference, Avignon, France
Sept. 17-18, 2004 - BBC Horizon films on-site at Purdue
Sept. 14, 2004 - BBC: Murray discusses film plans with Taleyarkhan
Aug. 6, 2004 - Butt, Summary of his Sonofusion Lab 2004 Summer Activities (Compare with Butt's Feb. 23, 2006 "Timeline of Events")
July, 2004 - Xu conducts additional experiments that were reported in NED paper.
July 2, 2004 - Tsoukalas: Acknowledges (and Approves) Taleyarkhan Moving Equipment
July 1, 2004 - Tsoukalas: Asks his colleague Purdue professor Martin Bertodano to submit their group's successful nuclear cavitation replication paper to the Oct. 2005, NURETH-11 conference in Avignon, France. The Tsoukalas group's experiment was the world's first successful nuclear cavitation replication. Authors of the paper were professors Tatjana Jevremovic, Bertodano, Shripad Revankar, Tsoukalas, Franklyn Clikeman and Edward Meritt; postdoctoral researcher Yiban Xu; and students Anton Bougaev and Joshua Walters. The experiments took place over the course of several months in the fall of 2003.

"The results with the Beckman detector point to statistically observable tritium increases in post-cavitation deuterated acetone samples, suggesting the possibility of D-D fusion taking place. Samples of normal acetone and deuterated acetone not subjected to cavitation do not show statistically observable changes in tritium."
June 2004 - DARPA AICF update meeting, Arlington, VA
May, 2004 - Taleyarkhan's off-site laboratory at Purdue is established
May, 2004 - Xu completes experiments that were reported in NED and NURETH-11 (begins in Jan. 2004)
May x?, 2004 - Tsoukalas: Draft of Paper Reporting Tritium Evidence - (See also Feb. 24, 2006, Aug. 1, 2006 and April 30, 2007)
May 14, 2004 - Tsoukalas: E-mail Showing Positive Tritium Data - (See also Feb. 24, 2006, Aug. 1, 2006 and April 30, 2007)
March 31, 2004 - Taleyarkhan to Putterman - DoE NDA
March 22, 2004 - Taleyarkhan, R.P., Cho, J.S., West, C.D., Lahey, Jr., R.T., Nigmatulin, R.I., Block, R.C., "Additional Evidence of Nuclear Emissions During Acoustic Cavitation," (pdf) Physical Review E, Vol. 69, p. 36109-1, (2004)
March 3, 2004 - New York Times/Chang: Experts Say New Desktop Fusion Claims Seem More Credible
(RPI Replication)
March 2, 2004 - Purdue News Service: Evidence Bubbles Over to Support Tabletop Nuclear Fusion Device
March 2, 2004 - RPI News Service: ONRL Replication Press Release
Feb. 20, 2004 - Revankar review and confirmation of Xu work.
Feb. 2004 - Xu switches from Tsoukalas to work under Taleyarkhan.
Feb. 12, 2004 - Taleyarkhan to Tsoukalas: " is now my deep conviction that rather than rely on a retired faculty member - Frank Clikeman - to pronounce positions and perform what are never-ending re-analyses we should rather recruit one of our own active and capable professors [Revankar.]
Jan. 15, 2004 - Taleyarkhan corrects Clikeman's double counting of background
Jan, 2004 - Xu begins experiments that were reported in NED and NURETH-11 (International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics.) Conducts experiments in Tsoukalas' lab. Completes in May 2004.
2004
Dec. 2003 - Taleyarkhan's Plans to Work at DARPA Change
Nov. 2003 - Xu recruited by Tsoukalas to conduct bubble fusion experiments. (Switches to work under Taleyarkhan in Feb. 2004.)
Nov. 14, 2003 - Tsoukalas Group Obtains 9th Positive Tritium Measurement
Nov. 7, 2003 - Purdue News Service: Taleyarkhan Approved for Designated Professorship
Nov. 1 - 4, 2003 - Crum, L., "Sonoluminescence and Acoustic Inertial Confinement Fusion," Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Cavitation, Osaka, Japan
Nov. 7, 2003 - Purdue News Service: Announces hiring of Taleyarkhan
Oct. 31, 2003 - Bertodano is first to notice that Clikeman's tritium data analysis is giving lower and lower results each day.
October - ONR: Scientific Misconduct Allegations Policy Excerpt
October - ONR: Scientific Misconduct Allegations Policy
Oct. 17 2003 - Tsoukalas, on or before this date, assigned Jevremovic to manage the test runs by Walter and Bougaev.
Sept. 3, 2003 - de Bertono: Confirms third positive test, consistent results. According to Taleyarkhan, ~5 Sigma increase in neutron emission.
Sept. 29, 2003 - Bertodano: E-mail to Lahey announcing first independent replication by Tsoukalas Group
Sept. 19, 2003 - Tsoukalas:Succeeds getting proper cavitation with deuterated acetone; Successfully Replicates Taleyarkhan's Bubble Fusion, Signs Wall - (Cho Affidavit Excerpt) (See also May 14, 2004)
Sept. 18, 2003 - Walter and Bougaev succeed getting proper cavitation with normal acetone
Aug. 18, 2003 - Tsoukalas hires Taleyarkhan with expectation that Taleyarkhan will help develop bubble/sonofusion program at Purdue. Taleyarkhan's Tenure at Purdue begins.

Related: July 2, 2006 - Tsoukalas to Mason: "The publications were touted as Nobel-level work. on the basis of that we brought him to Purdue."
June 19, 2003 - DARPA: Sonofusion Review Program
June 2003 - Tsoukalas arranged for Walter and Bougaev to visit to ORNL for a few days to learn from Taleyarkhan lab. LHT group received readymade working chambers form ORNL.
June-July 2003 - Lefteri Tsoukalas, head of School of Nuclear Engineering, invites Taleyarkhan for an on-site formal interview including meetings with Dean of Engr. and others.
May, 2003 - ORNL/Taleyarkhan: Records videos of bubble fusion experiments at ORNL.
April 28, 2003 - 145th International Conference of the Acoustics Society of America, Nashville, Tenn. (press release) Taleyarkhan shows "Sound of Neutrons" video.
2003
Nov. 26, 2002 - ORNL/West: Draft Response to C&EN, Misleading Interpretations of Suslick's Experiments
Sept. 6, 2002 - Science/Taleyarkhan et al.: Response to Questions Regarding Nuclear Emissions in Cavitation Experiments
Sept. 6, 2002 - Science/Saltmarsh/Shapira: Questions Regarding Nuclear Emissions in Cavitation Experiments, Science, Vol. 297, 5587
Aug. 19, 2002 - Shapira, D., and Saltmarsh, M., "Nuclear Fusion in Collapsing Bubbles - Is It There? An Attempt to Repeat an Experiment That Reported D-D Fusion in Bubble Collapse Induced by Cavitation in Deuterated Acetone," Physical Review Letters, Vol. 89(10), p. 104302

Shapira and Saltmarsh take their paper (first released unofficially on Feb. 20, 2001, published as Ref. 31 to the Taleyarkhan group Science paper on March 8, 2002,) and make minor modifications to it and publish it in PRL. Shapira and Saltmarsh title and write the paper in a way that gives readers the impression that they performed an independent replication of the Taleyarkhan group experiment. They write that they failed to observe positive signals.
July 25, 2002 - July 25 Suslick paper had been given to press in advance and embargoed for July 25 paper. Resulting stories cast aspersions on Taleyarkhan's claim. Stories fail to distinguish between SBSL and MBSL.
July 25, 2002 - Didenko, Yuri T., and Suslick, Kenneth S., "The Energy Efficiency of Formation of Photons, Radicals and Ions During Single-Bubble Cavitation," Nature, Vol. 418, p. 394, July 25, 2002. Paper casts aspersions on feasibility of Taleyarkhan concept. Suslick et al. measure the temperatures in SBSL and then make a theoretical projection of temperature in MBSL. It is a straw-man argument against the Taleyarkhan groups' evidence of neutrons and tritum.
July 2002 - January 2003: Walter and Bougaev were working on experiment primarily supervised by Bertodano. The experiments were unsuccessful, no sustained cavitation was observed, and chamber breakages occurred.
June 5, 2002 - Purdue SNE Tsoukalas Sonofusion Group Meeting (Minutes) Joshua Walter and Anton Bougaev are the designated graduate students to work on experiments with Martin Bertodano as their key supervisor.
June 5, 2002 - Taleyarkan gives colloquium at Purdue.
April 30, 2002 - Lipson: Claims Prior Art of Bubble Fusion
April 2002 - Purdue SNE Tsoukalas First Sonofusion Group Meeting (Minutes)
April, 2002 - Physics World/Putterman: "Seth Putterman of the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) has been investigating 'sonofusion' for some years, but is unconvinced by the Oak Ridge results and does not intend to try and repeat them himself. 'We will not morph our project in order to reproduce an experiment that provides no new evidence for sonofusion,' he told Physics World."
March 9, 2002 - Science News/Peter Weiss: Star in a Jar? Hints of Nuclear Fusion Found—Maybe
March 8, 2002 - Science/Seife: "Bubble Fusion" Paper Generates a Tempest in a Beaker
Key Quote: "Tougher criticism comes from Dan Shapira and Michael Saltmarsh, two physicists who are also at Oak Ridge. Late in May, after the lab had given Taleyarkhan and colleagues the go-ahead to submit their results to Science, Lee Riedinger, the lab's deputy director for science and technology, asked Shapira and Saltmarsh to check the work with a more sensitive neutron detector. They concluded that Taleyarkhan's results had been an illusion."
March 8, 2002 - Bob Park: Publishes newsletter and gives his explanation for breaking the news embargo.
March 8, 2002 - Science/Kennedy: Science/Kennedy - To Publish or Not to Publish
March 8, 2002 - Taleyarkhan, R.P., West, C.D., Cho, J.S., Lahey, Jr., R.T., Nigmatulin, R.I., Block, R.C., "Evidence for Nuclear Emissions During Acoustic Cavitation," (pdf) Supplement #1, Supplement #2, Science Vol. 295, p. 1868 (March 8, 2002)

This is the first Taleyarkhan group paper. Their novel configuration uses deuterated acetone, in a cavitating liquid, in a de-gassed cavitation chamber and uses multibubble sonoluminescence. Previous attempts by other researchers, including Putterman and Suslick, used a cavitation chamber filled with gaseous water and used single-bubble sonoluminescence.
March 5, 2002 - New York Times/Chang: Claim of Small-Scale Fusion Produces Early Skepticism
March 4, 2002 - ORNL press release
March 2, 2002 - ORNL/Taleyarkhan: "Comments on the Shapira and Saltmarsh Report." This publishes on March 8, 2002, as a supplemental reference to the Taleyarkhan group paper "Evidence for Nuclear Emissions During Acoustic Cavitation."
March 1, 2002 - Bob Park: Publishes newsletter and breaks the story.
March 1, 2002 - ORNL/Shapira/Saltmarsh write "Comments on Reported Nuclear Emissions During Acoustic Cavitation." (March 1, 2002) This document was not peer-reviewed and included as an a reference, (#13), to the Taleyarkhan group peer-reviewed paper "Evidence for Nuclear Emissions During Acoustic Cavitation." It is nearly identical to the draft (with a slightly different name) "Comments on the Possible Observation of D-D Fusion in Sonoluminescence."
March 1, 2002 - Didenko and Suslick: Their paper, which was published on July 215, is accepted for publication. Didenko and Suslick cast aspersions on the Taleyarkhan group paper which had not published yet. Suslick had privileged access to the Taleyarkhan group paper; he was a reviewer.
Feb. 20, 2002 - Shapira/Saltmarsh distribute"Comments on the Possible Observation of D-D Fusion in Sonoluminescence," (Feb. 20, 2002) This draft is nearly identical to "Comments on Reported Nuclear Emissions During Acoustic Cavitation," which was published on the ORNL Web site, without peer-reviewed, and later listed as reference #31 to the peer-reviewed Taleyarkhan group "Evidence for Nuclear Emissions During Acoustic Cavitation" paper.
Feb. 19, 2002 - Meeting at ORNL: Attended by ORNL management, members of Taleyarkhan group, Shapira, Saltmarsh, outside advisors.
Feb. 14, 2002 - This was the originally scheduled publication date of Science paper which later published on March 8, 2002 .
Feb. 2002 - Will Happer (Princeton Plasma Physics Lab), Richard Garwin (IBM): Write letters to Science editor Donald Kennedy and attempt to block publication of Taleyarkhan group paper (See also Oct. 30, 2008 -Seife)
Feb. 6, 2002 - SCIENCE/Seife: Learns that Feb. 14 publication date is postponed.
February 2002- Taleyarkhan responds to ORNL management and states that his group will not agree to include Shapira as a co-author of the forthcoming Science paper.
Feb. 1, 2002- Dick Lahey, a member of the Taleyarkhan group, objects to ORNL's request to add Shapira as a co-author to the Science paper on the basis that Shapira's participation does not merit inclusion as one of the discoverers.
Jan. 30, 2002 - Science accepts Taleyarkhan group paper "Evidence for Nuclear Emissions During Acoustic Cavitation" Paper scheduled for Feb. 14 publication date.
Jan. 28, 2002 - Shapira writes: "Evaluation of Discrepancy Between Coincidence Measurements Performed by PD and ETD," Oak Ridge National Laboratory Internal Correspondence Report
January 2002 - ORNL management asks Taleyarkhan to include Shapira as a co-author of the forthcoming Science paper. Taleyarkhan sends request to his other team members.
2002
Dec. 20, 2001 - Shapira concedes excess neutrons to Taleyarkhan.
Dec. 19, 2001 - Shapira, Dan, “Review of Second SL Manuscript," ORNL Neutronics Review of Taleyarkhan group Science paper.
Dec. 12, 2001 - Murray, Michael, “Technical Review," ORNL Tritium Review of Taleyarkhan group Science paper.
~ November or early December 2001 - Taleyarkhan asks to see, and receives Shapira's raw data. Taleyarkhan and his colleagues find that Shapira's raw data show significant excess neutrons during cavitation.
~ November or early December 2001 - The Taleyarkan group was having trouble getting their paper approved by ORNL management for publication in Science.
Oct. 31, 2001 - Taleyarkhan group submits "Evidence for Nuclear Emissions During Acoustic Cavitation " to Science.
July 31, 2001 - Shapira and Saltmarsh write report of Shapira's measurements: "Using a Neutron Detector in Sonoluminescence Experiment - Part II," by D. Shapira and M. Saltmarsh, Physics Division Internal Report.
July 30, 2001 - Shapira and Saltmarsh write report of Shapira's measurements: "Using a Neutron Detector in Sonoluminescence Experiment - Part 1," by D. Shapira and M. Saltmarsh, Physics Division Internal Report. Other authors: R. Varner, T. A. Lewis.
July 24, 2001- After earlier equipment failures with the detector, Shapira makes his third attempt to collect data with the NE-213 neutron-gamma detector in the Engineering Technology Division lab.

In the afternoon, Shapira enters the Engineering Technology Division laboratory to observe the Taleyarkhan experiment and take data. Cho, with some assistance from Taleyarkhan, is the primary operator of the experimental apparatus. Shapira does not operate any of the experimental apparatus. Shapira operates only the NE-213 detector and associated data acquisition system. Shapira also takes sonoluminescence data from the Taleyarkhan group's photomultiplier detector.

Cho operates the experimental apparatus for one hour with cavitation on, immediately followed by another hour with cavitation off, while Shapira takes data. Shapira does not obtain data related to tritium for the experiments performed that day. Shapira does not take data for normal acetone control experiments because those control experiments are not performed that day. (Note: Control experiments for this research can be conducted either by varying cavitation on or off or by varying the use of normal acetone or deuterated acetone.)
July 24, 2001- Around noon, Saltmarsh comes to Taleyarkhan's lab and office and visits with him for about half an hour. The purpose of his visit is to check that preparations for the test are in place and ready.
July 24, 2001- In the morning, JaeSeon Cho, a member of the Taleyarkhan group, begins to set up his group's experiment, which requires several hours of preparation.
July 13, 2001 - Shapira's log says "Set up for experiment with coincidence plus singles events..."
July 5, 2001 - Shapira's log says "PMT tube in neutron-gamma detector went bad."
July 3, 2001 - Shapira's log says "Try to work on improvements - increase coincidence time to 20us."
June 25, 2001 - Shapira makes second attempt to collect data with the NE-213 neutron-gamma detector in the Engineering Technology Division lab. Shapira collects data while Taleyarkhan group runs experiments with and without cavitation.
June 22, 2001 - Shapira makes first attempt to collect data with the NE-213 neutron-gamma detector in the Engineering Technology Division lab. Shapira collects data while Taleyarkhan group runs experiments with and without cavitation. Partial equipment failure occurs with detector.
June 18, 2001 - Shapira (or staff on his behalf) delivers the NE-213 neutron-gamma detector from the Physics Division, as well as a data acquisition system for the detector, to Taleyarkhan's lab in the Engineering Technology Division.
~ May 2001 - ORNL management requests internal peer review. Lee Riedinger, the deputy director for science and technology at ORNL, asks Dan Shapira and Mike Saltmarsh to check the Taleyarkhan group’s experiment.
Jan. 2001 - Taleyarkhan group first observes neutron signals above background from bubble fusion experiment performed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
 
2001
Oct. 21, 1999- Nature/Henry: Editorial, "Bubbling Hot"
Key quote: "An ingenious method to take the temperatures of cavitating bubbles"
Oct. 21, 1999- McNamara III, W.B., Decency, Y.T. & Suslick, K.S., "Sonoluminescence Temperatures During Multibubble Cavitation," Nature, Vol. 401, p. 772, (1999)
March 1999 - DARPA awards grant to ONRL/Taleyarkhan "Controlled Ultra-High Intensity Implosion-Sased Sonoluminesence." (period of performance March 1999 - September 2002.)
1999
Aug. 19, 1997 - Putterman: U.S. Patent # 5,659,173, "Converting acoustic energy into useful other energy forms"
Key quotes:
-
"When the gas contains deuterium and tritium there is the feasibility of the other energy form being fusion, namely including the generation of neutrons."
- Claims #30, #84: "...the different energy form includes the generation of fusion."
- "The data and theory strongly support that the invention is equally applicable to the energy form of fusion."
1997
Sept. 6, 1991 - Purdue University Office Of The President Executive Memorandum No. C-22: Policy on Integrity in Research
Key Quotes:
- "The mere suspicion or allegation of wrongdoing, even if totally unjustified, is potentially damaging to a person's career "
- "The individual against whom an allegation has been raised must be afforded the rights of due process, which in this context shall mean being fully informed of all allegations."
1990 - Crum, L.A. and Gaitan, D.F., "Observation of Sonoluminescence From a Single Stable Cavitation Bubble in a Water/Glycerine Mixture," Frontiers of Nonlinear Acoustics, 12th ISNA, ed. by M.F. Hamilton and D.T. Blackstock, Elsevier Applied Science, New York, p. 459, (1990)
(Single-Bubble Sonoluminescence -SBSL- discovered)
1982 - June 8 - Hugh Flynn: Issued U.S. patent (No. 4,333,796) for a "Method of Generating Energy by Acoustically Induced Cavitation Fusion and Reactor Therefor."
(Flynn was the first person to suggest that Sonoluminescence might create the required conditions for fusion.)
1967 - West, C.D., and Howlett, R., "Timing of Sonoluminescence Flash," Nature, Vol. 215, p. 727, (1967)
(Built inexpensive neutron detector. Used organic fluid with a low vapor pressure placed in an oscillating acoustic field)
1934 - Frenzel, H., and Schultes, H., "Ultrasonic Vibration of Water," Z. Phys. Chem., Vol. 27B, p. 421,
(Discovered sonoluminescence)