REFERENCE SITE----
 
     
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Original News Stories, Interviews, Press Releases and Publications
Pub. Date Publisher/Author ([Translator]-Language) Article Title
     
June 9, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) La rivincita della fusione fredda
June 9, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Roy Virgilio su Ventidue passi d'amore
June 5, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Patent Wars – la vendetta di Piantelli
June 4, 2011 22 Passi/Ferrari (It)
Elogio della “follia”
June 3, 2011
22 Passi/Krivit (Vanesio, Passi, It) Capo scienziato NASA da credito ad Andrea Rossi
May 31, 2011 New Energy Times/Moore, Krivit (En) Interview of Dennis Bushnell, Chief Scientist of NASA Langley (Transcript)
May 30, 2011 Radio24/Giannino (It) Non solo Fukushima (Web site)
May 29, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) La macchina dell'energia pulita
May 28, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) ...è un bisogno intrinseco di equilibrio
May 27, 2011
22 Passi/Passerini (It) Ancora l'E-Cat in arrivo su Radio 24
May 25, 2011 Oggi/Malaspina (It) Fusione Fredda: Ecco la Macchina Dell'Energia Pulita (pg1) (pg2) (pg3)
May 24, 2011 n/a Referral page to: NET/Speculative rendering of Rossi's Energy
May 24, 2011 New Energy Times/Guidi, Passerini (Passi-En) Speculative Renderings of Rossi's Energy Catalyzer
May 23, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Kevin Kelly e il Technium delle LENR
May 23, 2011 Agora Vox/André (G-En) Towards a (truly) clean nuclear reactor
May 23, 2011 Agora Vox/André (Fr) Vers un nucléaire (vraiment) propre?
May 19, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Chi è il Dottor Vanni Stranamore?
May 18, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Alle ore 11.00 su Radio 3 Rai
May 17, 2011 22 Passi/Vola (It) Quello che Wikipedia non dice
May 16, 2011 Aleklett's Energy Mix/Aleklett (En) The sun, Rossi’s ”energy catalyzer” and the “neutron barometer”
May 16, 2011 22 Passi/Lewan (Knecht, Passi - It) Ny Teknik svela il contratto USA di Rossi
May 16, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Swe) Avtal klart i USA för energikatalysatorn
May 16, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (En) Energy catalyzer gets U.S. partner
May 15, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Speciale Rainews sul reattore Ni-H del 14/05/11
May 15, 2011 RAI News24/Torrealta (It) Fusione fredda 2 (RaiTV) (Youtube)
May 15, 2011 RAI News24/Torrealta (It) Fusione fredda 1 (RaiTV) (Youtube)
May 15, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Ipotesi E-Cat (versione 2.0)
May 14, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Una breve intervista di C. Stremmenos per 22passi
May 13, 2011 New Energy Times/Krivit (En) From Our Archives: Piantelli-Focardi Cells
May 12, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) E chi lo ferma più?
May 10, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) E-Cat alla riscossa: non CICAPisco più nulla!
May 9, 2011 22 Passi/Guidi (It) Ipotesi E-Cat
May 9, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Swe) Patent godkänt för energikatalysatorn
May 9, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Ipotesi E-Cat
May 9, 2011 Magneetti Media/Riikka Söyring (G-en) Heat of Hydrogen
May 9, 2011 Magneetti Media/Riikka Söyring (Fi) Lämpöä vedystä
May 9, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (En) Patent granted for the energy catalyzer
May 8, 2011
22 Passi/Krivit (Passerini-It) Raspa come un gallo e ronfa come un gatto
May 8, 2011
22 Passi/Passerini (It) Brevetto italiano concesso il 6 aprile 2011
May 7, 2011
22 Passi/Passerini (It) ATTENZIONE: sito pirata sull'energy catalyzer
May 6, 2011 22 Passi/Radio Città del Capo-Knecht, Passerini (En) Stremmenos: "cold fusion will solve many problems of humanity" (Translation of April 25 show)
May 6, 2011 Query/Staff (Pozzetti-En) Report of the Focardi Seminar
May 6, 2011 Query/Staff (It) E-Cat, resoconto della conferenza di Focardi
May 6, 2011 Stukhtra/Signori (It) La fusione fredda è tornata…
May 6, 2011
Radio 24/Melis (Passerini-It) Di nuovo l'ingegnere Rossi a Mr Kilowatt (II)
May 5, 2011
Radio 24/Melis (It) Di nuovo l'ingegnere Rossi a Mr Kilowatt (II)
May 5, 2011 RAI News24/Saso (En) The Magic of Mr. Rossi (RAINEWS24)
The Magic of Mr. Rossi (YouTube)
May 4, 2011
22 Passi/Passerini (It) 22passi e RaiNews
May 4, 2011
Radio 24/Melis (Passerini-It) Di nuovo l'ingegnere Rossi a Mr Kilowatt (I)
May 4, 2011
Radio 24/Melis (It) Di nuovo l'ingegnere Rossi a Mr Kilowatt (I)
May 4, 2011 University of Pavia Press Release Focardi Seminar "Il Ritorno Della Fusione Fredda"
May 3, 2011 RAI News24/Saso (It) La magia del signor Rossi (RAINEWS24)
La magia del signor Rossi (YouTube)
May 3, 2011 22 Passi/Krivit (Passerini-It) Un nuovo articolo di Steven Krivit
May 2, 2011 New Energy Times/Krivit (En) Lewan Investigates and Observes Rossi Device
May 2, 2011 22 Passi/Lewan (Passerini-It) Ny Teknik ha testato l'energy catalyzer
May 2, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Swe) Se Ny Teknik testa energikatalysatorn (Incl. video)
May 2, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (En) Ny Teknik tested the energy catalyzer (Incl. video)
May 1, 2011
22 Passi/Passerini (It) Il professor Stremmenos ribadisce il suo pensiero
May, 2011 Social News/Focardi, Ferrari (Pozzetti-En) Renewable Energy Issue (Source)
May, 2011 Social News/Focardi, Ferrari (It) Renewable Energy Issue (PDF) (Source)
April 29, 2011 Radio 24/Melis (Passerini-It) Nuova intervista di Mr Kilowatt a Francesco Celani
April 29, 2011 Radio 24/Melis (It) Link to audio
April 28, 2011 Panorama/DaConto (Passerini-It) Ancora Panorama sull'E-Cat: intervista ad Antonio Zoccoli
April 28, 2011 Panorama (DaConto -It) Fusione nucleare a freddo: i dubbi del fisico Antonio Zoccoli
April 25, 2011 Radio Città del Capo (Passerini-It) Intervista a Christos Stremmenos (da Radio Città del Capo)
April 25, 2011 Radio Città del Capo Stremmenos: “la fusione fredda risolverà molti problemi dell’umanità”
April 24, 2011 22 Passi/Lewan (Passerini-It) Una breve intervista con Andrea Rossi
April 23, 2011 EV World/Moore (En) Interview of Dennis Bushnell, Chief Scientist of NASA Langley (MP3)
April 22, 2011 Panorama (Claudia Daconto-G-En) Talk to the Scientist Who Invented the Cold Nuclear Fusion
April 22, 2011 Panorama (Claudia Daconto-It) Parla lo scienziato che ha inventato la fusione nucleare a freddo
April 19, 2011
22 Passi/Passerini (It) Bye bye nucleare a fissione
April 15, 2011
22 Passi/Passerini (It) Finalmente i grandi media iniziano a muoversi!
April 15, 2011 Il Fatto Quotidiano/Bressanini (Passerini - It) L'E-Cat sbarca su Il Fatto Quotidiano
(HTML of Il reattore da tavolo)
April 15, 2011 Il Fatto Quotidiano/Bressanini (It) Il reattore da tavolo (JPG)
April 14, 2011 22 Passi/Pedrocchi (Passerini Medici, Knecht - En) Sergio Focardi, the father of “Ni-H Cold-Fusion"
April 11, 2011
22 Passi/Passerini (It) Estrazione di Nickel nel mondo
April 11, 2011
22 Passi/Pedrocchi (Passerini (It) Levi e Rossi intervistati da Moebius su Radio 24
April 10, 2011 Radio 24/Pedrocchi (It) Fusione fredda bolognese - Scienza del vino - Blue economy
April 9, 2011 Aleklett's Energy Mix/Aleklett (En) Rossi energy catalyst - a big hoax or new physics?
April 9, 2011 Aleklett's Energy Mix/Aleklett (G-En) Rossi energy catalyst - a big hoax or new physics?
(Comment from Kullander appended)
April 9, 2011 Aleklett's Energy Mix/Aleklett (Sw) Rossis energikatalysator – en stor bluff eller helt ny fysik? (Comment from Kullander appended)
April 9, 2011
22 Passi/Passerini (It) Il professor Focardi spiega la “fusione fredda” Ni-H
April 9, 2011
22 Passi/Passerini (It) @Daniele?!?
April 6, 2011
22 Passi/Passerini (It) E-Cat: prove generali di mass media?
April 6, 2011 22 Passi/Lewan (Passerini-It) I fisici svedesi sull'E-Cat: "È una reazione nucleare"
April 6, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (En) Swedish physicists on the E-cat: “It’s a nuclear reaction”
April 6, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Swe) Svenska fysiker: Det är en kärnreaktion
April 5, 2011 Radio Città del Capo Sergio Focardi: parla il padre della “fusione fredda (Ni-H)”
April 3, 2011 Essén and Kullander (En) Travel report by Hanno Essén and Sven Kullander
Mar. 26, 2011 22 Passi (Radio Città del Capo)/Passerini (It) “Per me conta solo ed esclusivamente il risultato del lavoro”
Mar. 21, 2011 Radio Città del Capo Energia: ad ottobre parte la prima centrale a “fusione fredda”
Mar. 23, 2011 Telepolis/Lietz (G-En) Cold fusion in the Black Box?
Mar. 23, 2011 Telepolis/Lietz (Ge) Kalte Fusion in der Black Box?
Mar. 21, 2011 22 Passi/Lewan (Passerini-It) Altre 36 risposte di Rossi ai lettori di Ny Teknik
Mar. 18, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (En) And here are 36 more questions – with Rossi's answers
Mar. 18, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Swe) Och här är 36 frågor till – med Rossis svar
Mar. 18, 2011 22 Passi/Lewan (Passerini-It) E-Cat, ultime news da States e Grecia
Mar. 17, 2011 Talefta/Kouvakas (Gr) [Investor's World] coverage of e-cat and defkalion
Mar. 17, 2011 22 Passi/Lewan (Passerini-It) Notizie dalla Grecia sull'E-Cat
Mar. 17, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Niente di nuovo sul fronte dell'E-Cat
Mar. 16, 2011 Express (Gr) Επένδυση 200 εκατ. στην Ξάνθη για «πράσινη» ενέργεια
Mar. 16, 2011 Xanthi Press (G-En) O spokesman investment Defcalion talks to XanthiPress.gr
Mar. 16, 2011 Xanthi Press (Gr) O εκπρόσωπος της επένδυσης Defcalion μιλά στο XanthiPress.gr
Mar. 16, 2011 Talefta/Kouvakas (Gr) e-cat new test scheduled
Mar. 12, 2011 Xanthi Press (G-En) 'Green' mammoth investment in Xanthi (Investor's World Coverge)
Mar. 12, 2011 Xanthi Press (Gr) «Πράσινη» επένδυση-μαμούθ στην Ξάνθη. Επιβεβαίωση από Ξυνίδη
Mar. 12, 2011 22 Passi/Lewan (Passerini-It) Ecco come Rossi sta finanziando il suo E-Cat
Mar. 12, 2011 22 Passi/Lewan (Passerini-It) Chat tra inventore dell'E-Cat e lettori di NyTeknik
Mar. 12, 2011 Investor's World/Panagoulis
(Daoultzis -En)
Energy revolution made in Greece
Mar. 12, 2011 Investor's World/Panagoulis
(Gr)
Ενέργεια επανάσταση made in Greece (Section A) (Section B) (Drawings) (Web site)
Mar. 11, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (En) E-cat inventor in live chat with the readers (+ Video Interview)
Mar. 11, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Swe) Här chattar ingenjör Andrea Rossi med läsarna (+ Video Interview)
Mar. 11, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) L'incredibile Hulk contro l'ingegner Rossi
Mar. 10, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (En) This is how Rossi is financing his E-cat
Mar. 10, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Swe) Så finansierar Rossi energikatalysatorn
March 6, 2011 Research.../Essén (Malmqvist -En) Cold Fusion Again?

Mar. 5, 2011 22 Passi/Lewan, Passerini (It) Sven Kullader e Hanno Essén parlano dell'E-Cat (video sottotitolato in italiano)
Mar. 4, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (G-En) Wanted: What do you know about cold fusion?
Mar. 4, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Swe) Efterlysning: Vad vill du veta om kall fusion?
Mar. 2, 2011 22 Passi/Lewan (Passerini-It) La comunità scientifica apre all'E-Cat di Rossi
Mar. 1, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) rossiportal.com
Mar. 1, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Andra Rossi ha ottime carte in mano
Feb. 27, 2011 Talefta/Kouvakas (En) "Defkalion Green Technologies" dodges "Regulatory Authority for Energy"
Feb. 26, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Nucleare per decreto? No, grazie... meglio la fusione fredda a furor di popolo
Feb. 26, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Si inizia a parlare di fusione fredda... e si finisce sempre a parlar di defunti!
Feb. 23, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Prova tecnica non ufficiale dell'E-Cat (II)
Feb. 23, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (En) Cold Fusion: “You have to embrace this”
Feb. 23, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Swe) Kall fusion: ”Det här måste man bejaka”
Feb. 23, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Eng) Cold Fusion: 18 hour test excludes combustion
Feb. 23, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Swe) Kall fusion: 18 timmar utesluter förbränning
Feb. 22, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Speciale di Report sulla fusione fredda (1997)
Feb. 21, 2011 Talefta/Kouvakas (It, Eng,Gr) 18 hours of 15 kW cold fusion energy
Feb. 21, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Prova tecnica non ufficiale dell'E-Cat (I)
Feb. 19, 2011 Talefta/Kouvakas (Gr) Μια ανακεφαλαίωση για τον καταλύτη ενέργειας
Feb. 18, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Prossimamente sulle web-Tv
Feb. 18, 2011 PENS/Passerini (Mills-Eng) Un'altra intervista tradotta negli States – Interview with Rossi (cold fusion) to get clarity on his catalyzer technology
Feb. 18, 2011 Gagarin Magazine (Ancarani -It) A qualcuno piace fredda
Feb. 16, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Andrea Rossi ha ottime carte in mano
Feb. 13, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Energy Catalyzer: facciamo un po' di chiarezza (intervista all'ingegner Andrea Rossi)
Feb. 9, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (G-Eng) Readers should declare the experiment
Feb. 9, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Swe) Läsarna förklarar experimentet
Feb. 9, 2011 Ny Teknik/Semple (G-En) Cold Fusion is already in the 1920s?
Feb. 9, 2011 Ny Teknik/Semple (Swe) Kall fusion redan på 1920-talet?
Feb. 7, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (En) Cold Fusion: Here's the Greek company building 1 MW
Feb. 7, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Swe) Kall fusion: Här är det grekiska företaget
Feb. 6, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Corsa alla fusione fredda: l'Italia passa il testimone alla Grecia?
Feb. 5, 2011 Talefta/Kouvakas (En) Defkalion Green Technologies Confirmed!
Feb. 5, 201 NET (Greek National Television) (Gr) TV News Story (Video)
Feb. 4, 2011 Talefta/Kouvakas (En) Update on Defkalion Green Technologies
Feb. 4, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Intervista al professor Mauro Villa – Energy Catalyzer: indagine su una fonte di energia al centro di ogni sospetto
Feb. 2, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (Strakh-Rus) Катализатор энергии: работает, и это не холодный термоядерный синтез. Эксклюзивное интервью с инженером Андреа Росси
Feb. 2, 2011 Ny Teknik/Huss (G-En) It is too good to be true
Feb. 2, 2011 Ny Teknik/Huss (Swe) Det är för bra för att vara sant
Feb. 2, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (En) Cold fusion may provide one megawatt in Athens
Feb. 2, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (En) Cold fusion: Observing researcher wants more tests
Feb. 2, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Swe) Kall fusion: Forskaren vill göra längre prov
Jan. 31, 2011 New Energy Times/Krivit (En) Nickel to Copper: One Possible Pathway
Jan. 31, 2011 New Energy Times/Passerini/Akira (En) Energy Catalyzer: It Works and It's Not Fusion
Jan. 31, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Fusione fredda: ortodossia e rivoluzione
Jan. 31, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Energy Catalyzer: It Works and it's Not Fusion
Jan. 30, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Domani su RAI 1 alle 8.30 la scoperta di Rossi e Focardi
Jan. 28, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (Maestrini-Fr) Energy Catalyzer: interview avec l'ingénieur Andrea Rossi (Le catalysateur d’énergie fonctionne et ce n’est pas de la fusion froide)
Jan 26, 2011 Ny Teknik/Huss (G-En) Chinese Hot and cold fusion
Jan. 26, 2011 Ny Teknik/Huss (Swe) Heta kineser och kall fusion
Jan. 25, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Verso l'energia infinita e oltre (Energy Catalyzer: funziona e non è fusione fredda – intervista all'ingegner Andrea Rossi)
Jan. 25, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Energy catalyzer: funziona e non è fusione fredda
Jan. 24, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (G-Eng) Cold fusion: Observer could not find any hidden source
Jan. 24, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Swe) Kall fusion: Observatör hittade ingen dold källa
Jan. 23, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Report ufficiali esperimento di "fusione fredda" (reattore Ni-H Rossi Focardi) - Bologna, 14/01/11
Jan. 21, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) In attesa del report sull'Energy Catalyzer
Jan 21, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (G-En) "It looks interesting"
Jan 21, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Swe) "Det verkar intressant"
Jan 21, 2011 David Bianchini (En) Experimental evaluation, for radiation protection purpose, of photon and neutron radiation field during the public presentation of the prototype called "Energy Amplifier"
Jan 21, 2011 Giuseppe Levi (En)
Report on heat production during preliminary tests on the Rossi “NiH” reactor
Jan 20, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (G-En) Cold fusion - now it is going to be ready for production
Jan. 20, 2011 Ny Teknik/Lewan (Swe) Kall fusion – nu ska den vara klar för produktion
Jan. 19, 2011 New Energy Times/Krivit (En) Rossi and Focardi LENR Device: The Melich and Macy Reports
Jan. 18, 2011 New Energy Times/Krivit (En) Rossi and Focardi LENR Device: Probably Real, With Credit to Piantelli
Jan. 18, 2011 New Energy Times/Krivit (En) Rossi and Focardi LENR Device: Celani Report
Jan. 15, 2011 New Energy Times/Krivit (En) Rossi and Focardi LENR Device: Reality or Scam?
Jan. 15, 2011 il Resto del Carlino/Baroncini (It) Fusione Fredda - Stiamo realizzando il sogno della scienze
Jan. 15, 2011 il Resto del Carlino/Pivato (It) Fusione Fredda, sogno piu vicino l'esperimento e andato bene (Cover)
Jan. 15, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Web rassegna stampa esperimento fusione fredda metodo Rossi Focardi (Bologna, 14/01/10)
Jan. 15, 2011 Il Sole 24 Ore/Carlesi Bologna laboratorio della fusione fredda (Scan of Paper)
     
     
Jan. 14, 2011 Rossi Rossi Demonstration and Press Conference
Jan. 14, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Bologna, 14/1/11 - cronaca test fusione fredda del reattore Nichel-Idrogeno Focardi-Rossi
Jan. 13, 2011 il Resto del Carlino/Pivato (It) "Ho realizzato la fusione fredda" Annuncio choc del fisico Focardi (Print Version)
Jan. 13, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Domani inizia l'era della fusione fredda
Jan. 12, 2011 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Bologna, 14 gennaio 2011: la fusione fredda diventa realtà in Italia
Jan 11, 2011 Giuseppe Levi (It-En) Levi Press Release
Dec. 17, 2010 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Il 2011 sarà finalmente l'anno della fusione fredda?
Mar. 3, 2010 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Questo scoop lo dà solo il mio blog al momento!!!
Feb. 3, 2010 22 Passi/Passerini (It) Scoop Sulla Fusione Fredda!
     

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Experiments

Date Duration Claimed
Avg. Excess Power (kW)
Claimed
Avg. Excess Energy(MJ)
Participants News
Ref.
Data
Ref.
             
June 14, 2011 ? ? ? Steven B. Krivit
Andrea Rossi
Sergio Focardi
Giuseppe Levi
Carlo Leonardi
Daniele Passerini
David Bianchini
   
April 28, 2011 2h, 58m 2.3 25 Andrea Rossi
Mats Lewan
Carlo Leonardi
NT Lewan
April 19, 2011 2h, 10m 2.6 20 Andrea Rossi
Mats Lewan
David Bianchini
Carlo Leonardi
Angelo Saso
Maurizio Torrealta Sergio Focardi
Christos Stremmenos others
NT Lewan
March 29, 2011 5h, 45m 4.39 90 Giuseppe Levi
David Bianchini
Carlo Leonardi
Hanno Essén
Sven Kullander Andrea Rossi
Sergio Focardi
NT Essen/
Kullander
Feb. 10-11, 2011 18h ~17 1000
(Claimed in news report only)
Giuseppe Levi
Andrea Rossi
Daniele Passerini David Bianchini
NT None
Available
Jan. 14, 2011 40m ~11.7 ~28 Giuseppe Levi
David Bianchini
Gilberto Galantini Andrea Rossi
Mauro Villa
Invited observers Media
NT Levi
Bianchini
Villa
Dec. 16, 2010 40m     Giuseppe Levi
Andrea Rossi
  Levi
             

 

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Letters:

May 6, 2011

To the Editor:

I have read much on Rossi's work. And I have read just as much on so-called scientists who dispute its validity. I have realized in reading about those people who denigrate Rossi's claim that precious few have bothered to personally investigate the claims. But they seem to have plenty to say about it as a fraud. A true scientist would say nothing until the claims are proven true or false by people with sufficient credentials to justify a conclusion. Furthermore, I would think a claimed discovery of such importance as Rossi's would energize the scientific community into direct observation and evaluation.

The scientists at the University of Bologna and the Swedish science community are to be congratulated for their response to Rossi's work. In addition, others who have recommended refinement of the evaluation are also to be congratulated. Their work is in the true spirit of science. Let us be sure that rigorous testing has been conducted. And, when sufficient testing is confirmed, if Rossi's claims hold true, let us rejoice and move on to see whether we can figure out why they have occurred and what other elements might be used to achieve as good or better results.

Too bad current science is so dependent on grubbing for funding and the fear that funding will dry up if something more advantageous is discovered. I fear that this is at the heart of those yelling fraud. When they do not investigate the claims themselves or help shape the evaluation, the real frauds are those claiming fraud. If the number of these fraudsters is sufficient, they hold back the advancement of the kind of science that civilization desperately needs. So I add, to those claiming fraud, put up or shut up. You're not doing us any favors.

Richard M. Wilson
Jacksonville, FL USA

May 6, 2011

To the Editor:

Thanks very much for posting this video [RAI TV 24] - lots of good information. One is tempted to get excited by the positive evidence that has been reported about the invention of Andrea Rossi, but there are also reasons to remain cautious and skeptical.

On the front page of New Energy Times is the following statement: “Science is our foundation. You won’t find sales pitches to invest in the latest free energy devices, and we will not bother you with research that circumvents the rigor of the scientific process.” I completely agree, and this ethos is what makes New Energy Times worth reading.

But consider that, when Andrea Rossi was informed that Peter Hagelstein of MIT was interested in testing and validating the discovery, Rossi replied, “[T]he validation will be made by the customers. … That is the sole real validation that counts for us. Also, if the plants work, customers will pay us; if not, they will not pay us. … We are not searching for any validation. We never did. We just wanted to make a good product. We have already made our public presentations; no more of them will be made. … If MIT is interested to our product, they can buy a plant and make all the validations they want.”

In this quote, Rossi makes no pretense of making science the foundation, and he chooses to prioritize the sales pitch.

Consider that Sergio Focardi in the above video states, “We added a secret additive, whose formula is confidential, to the system formed by hydrogen and nickel. I do not know this additive. I have never asked anything about it, and I do not want to know anything about it.”

Here, too, this approach seems uncharacteristic of a scientist pursuing “the rigor of the scientific process.” Focardi may be a distinguished scientist, but with regard to Rossi’s discovery, he appears to have assumed a different role than scientist.

This certainly does not personally denigrate Rossi or Focardi, their professionalism or character. Nor does it in any way disprove the validity of their work. But the approach that has been taken raises caution (in my mind at least) not to wholeheartedly believe the claims before a proper scientific investigation has been carried out, before there is an open protocol, peer review, and independent experimental replication.

I hope that New Energy Times holds true to its pledge that “we will not bother you with research that circumvents the rigor of the scientific process” in its reporting of this important discovery.

Armand Tuzel
Chicago, IL

---------------------------

Dear Dr. Tuzel,

Thank you for raising these important questions and concerns.

The scientific process (or method) is distinct from the protocols of scientific communication etiquette, and it is also distinct from the process of determining scientific validity.

For example, one protocol of scientific communication etiquette dictates that a claimant either publish in a journal or present at a scientific conference. The purpose is to bring the claims to a wide spectrum of the scientific community and thus facilitate a broader evaluation and test of the claims.

A second protocol dictates that the claimant provide for the capacity for qualified independent researchers to replicate the claims by openly publishing all required details.

A third protocol dictates that the claimant welcome all qualified independent researchers into the claimant's lab should they want to make inspections.

Rossi appears not to have followed these protocols. I will come back to this in a moment.

To his credit, Rossi has, however, selectively invited independent researchers (Giuseppe Levi, Hanno Essén and Sven Kullander) into his laboratory to inspect his work.

The scientific process comprises these specific steps:

- Ask a Question
- Do Background Research
- Construct a Hypothesis
- Test Your Hypothesis by Doing an Experiment
- Analyze Your Data and Draw a Conclusion
- Communicate Your Results
(Source: sciencebuddies.org)

But your concerns are not actually about the scientific process. You are referring to the process of determining scientific validity, which includes the following confirmations:
- An effect is directly correlated to a cause
- The magnitude of an effect is clearly distinguishable from background
- The effect is independent of the observer
(There may be others.)

The final consideration, effect is independent of the observer, seems to be the focus of your concerns.

In isolation, the Rossi claim fails this criterion of scientific validity. But the Rossi work does not exist in a vacuum. It is preceded by the specifically related Ni-H gas work of Piantelli-Focardi and by the generally related Ni-H work by George Miley, Francesco Celani, Tadahiko Mizuno, James Patterson, and Randell Mills.

You also expressed concern about Rossi's choice not to openly accept requests for validation from other scientists. His caution is well-placed. Scientists are not always, as my colleague Charles Beaudette wrote, "pure as the driven snow." My best example is this investigation: Sonofusion Research Scuttled: Putterman and Suslick's Response to Taleyarkhan's Discovery and Other Science Misdeeds.

As you mention, Rossi has declined the request from a direct competitor, Peter Hagelstein of MIT, to inspect or evaluate his device. Hagelstein faces significant potential losses, among them the shame of losing a 22-year battle for his belief in DD "cold fusion," if Rossi's work is confirmed either by the scientific community or by consumers.

Also, Hagelstein made a public mockery of light-hydrogen research at the ICCF-14 conference in 2008.

"My current understanding of the reaction scheme," Hagelstein said, "is [that] I'm not sure what comes in, I'm not sure what goes out, I don't know how much energy is made and I don't know how it works. Other than that ..."

The rest of the audio recording is inaudible because it was drowned out by the audience's laughter in response to Hagelstein's comment.

As Hagelstein's comment at the conference indicates, he doesn't know about light-hydrogen LENR experiments and he is thus underqualified to evaluate such systems.

I do not fault Rossi for his caution or his process, and I give him credit for carving out his own path and for choosing his scientific colleagues.

I appreciate your writing about your concerns. They have allowed us to discuss an important matter and recognize crucial distinctions among the scientific process (or method), scientific communication etiquette and scientific validation.

Thank you,

Steven B. Krivit
Editor, New Energy Times

May 1, 2011

To the Editor:

I'm from Bologna, Italy, and I graduated from the local university's Department of Physics in the early 1990s. Professor Sergio Focardi was in charge of the academic courses in those years.

I've never been involved in any research or study about actual physics. I'm an owner of a small company involved in the development of sophisticated software for industrial automation.

I've been closely following all the news about the Andrea Rossi and Focardi experiments and news. Some of my old teachers were involved as spectators or commenters.

On your Web site, I've found extensive information about the Allan Widom-Lewis Larsen theory of a possible chain of reactions explaining excess heat from some metal lattices interacting with hydrogen.

The Rossi and Focardi experiments are said to be the first real thing in low-energy nuclear reactions because of evident heat production. The skeptics say that it seems too good to be true, but the lack of a theory leaves too many questions unanswered.

After I read about the Widom-Larsen theory, I thought the contrary: The theory is here and now, and finally we seem to have the result.

The theory existed before Rossi’s successful results, though not with respect to the Francesco Piantelli studies. I just do not understand why no evident results, such as the kW of produced heat, like those of Rossi’s E-Cat, seem to be reported in the U.S. by Lattice Energy or some of the other groups involved in LENR activities, like SPAWAR and JWK.

On the other hand, I do not think that Rossi and Focardi can deny the knowledge of this possible Widom-Larsen theory. It is very convenient because it does not require new physics and explains the lack of neutrons and gamma radiation. Applying for a patent with some reference to a possible physical explanation could be useful.

What is your opinion about this strange inversion of things?

I've not the proficiency in physics to judge the Larsen equations and diagrams, so I'm asking you, Do you think we have the theory?

I thank you in advance for your attention, and please accept my best regards.

Domenico Pozzetti
Bologna, Italy

[Ed: Thank you for your interesting letter. I do not know why Lattice Energy, if it understands the Rossi experiment, does not advertise its abilities to demonstrate such a device. Perhaps public attention is not the company’s current strategy. As far as why other groups have no similar evident results, my guess is that they just don't have the knowledge. Or perhaps they lack the interest; patents and prizes are not awarded for coming in second place. This article, "Amber's Answer to the Question of Reproducibility," may shed some light.

Certainly the Widom-Larsen theory could be beneficial to the Rossi and Focardi work; however, Lattice Energy has a U.S. patent that could create a conflict between the parties.

As to your question about the viability of the Widom-Larsen theory, I cannot accurately give a simple "yes" or "no." My most complete answer is published in Krivit, S.B., "Cold Fusion - Precursor to Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions," Elsevier Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources. I will be pleased to send you a copy on request.]

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

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