Professor Emeritus at the University of Bologna, formerly Dean of the Faculty of Science, a leading Italian physicist, Sergio Focardi seems almost embarrassed in front of the hypothesis that its discovery is really, as he calls it, "the greatest scientific discovery of all history of mankind. "
That this is so or not history will determine this, but what is certain is that in Italy has been invented a prototype for cold fusion that works using hydrogen and nickel and is able to produce enough clean energy greatly exceeding that used to start the reaction.
To realize it was just Focardi engineer with his colleague, Andrea Rossi, with whom we are now going to repeat the experiment already made public in January ahead of other scientists and journalists in a warehouse in the industrial area of Bologna.
Professor Focardi, while what is meant for cold fusion?
Cold fusion is a nickname coined twenty years ago by physicists and engineers who were concerned with hot fusion, one that occurs in stars at very high temperatures to be clear, when Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons (of the two chemists' University of Salt Lake City , Utah, who in 1989 announced that it has obtained "excess heat" by passing electricity between platinum and palladium in heavy water-filled cell, Ed) announced that it has produced energy in an experiment at low temperature.
An announcement greeted with skepticism by much of the scientific community that still does not believe in the possibility of cold fusion.
Yeah, but this is a position that contrasts with the experimental data collected by us during the 'public experiment in Bologna in January led to the engineer with Rossi.
What kind of experiment it was?
We heated to a temperature not too high a system composed of nickel and hydrogen with the result that the hydrogen nucleus has penetrated into the core of nickel producing a nuclear reaction that released energy.
How much energy was used to produce heat and how much you are able to produce?
The prototype reactor that we used uses less than one gram of hydrogen to start the reaction that needs a starting energy of 1 kilowatt later, after a few minutes is down to 400 watts to produce useful energy gain with a 14 Kw, 31 times higher than the electricity input. But there is a fact even more disconcerting.
31 is not the maximum factor that we have obtained, in other experiments we have obtained 200.
Yet some scientists present your experiment have noted the absence of gamma rays, those that are emitted during cold fusion. It may have triggered what is not, therefore, exactly a cold fusion?
In the experiments we performed with the engineer Rossi gamma were always there, but they were so little intense than the natural radioactivity, with small thicknesses of lead that we have eliminated any possibility of preventing harm to human health.
No radioactivity, therefore, during this type of merger?
We did do a series of checks and it was verified that there is no emission of neutrons. If there are no neutrons there are even nuclear waste.
So you confirm that the type of energy produced in the laboratory through this cold fusion energy is completely clean?
It's definitely clean energy and thermal type, designed so warming.
How big is the machine you have designed and used?
It 'a very small machine. That used for the experiment was placed on a table.
A nuclear reactor the size of an ornament?
Actually a device for heating a house even smaller.
Less than a gas water heater?
Cross your fingers of his right and left hands, and bend your arms in front of him here is great as well.
Is it true that you and the engineer Rossi you're going to start manufacturing and marketing of this prototype?
It is true. But not in Italy. There are so many requests, the problem is to assess the aims of those who show an interest in the patent.
How much does a machine like that cost?
Well, a speech is the cost of the patent, other than production and so far this aspect has not yet been discussed.
You and Rossi have experienced cold fusion yet, by your own admission, you are still not able to understand how you managed. If this is not a miracle, what else is?
The cold fusion that we have produced a proton depends on the fact that hydrogen enters the nucleus of the nickel, which, according to the laws of physics, it should not happen because both particles are charged positive. Yet this thing happens and, as Galileo teaches us, there is no theory of physics that could contradict an experimental fact. What I regret is that my fellow scientists still do not believe me.
It will be the envy?
Maybe so. How can you think, especially those who know me, that I, over a career, destroy everything I've done in my past to tell lies?
Professor, what value you give to this discovery?
According to me, though I should not be the one to say, this is the biggest scientific discovery in the history of mankind.
Because all the other planet's energy resources, oil, coal, gas, uranium, nickel and hydrogen are running and are inexhaustible, because it is one of the first components of the core of the earth itself, the other because it is produced by electrolysis of water. Or our source of energy will be produced by these two elements, and we have seen that this can be done, or life on earth is going to disappear.